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Facts - Domestic and sexual violence

One in four women: An analysis of 10 separate domestic violence prevalence studies found consistent findings: 1 in 4 women experience domestic violence over their lifetimes and between 6-10% of women suffer domestic violence in a given year (Council of Europe, 2002). When there were more than 4 incidents (i.e. ongoing domestic violence or sexual abuse) 89% of victims were women.

National Helpline - the National DV Help line answers almost 400 calls per day.

Cost to Cumbria - The cost to Cumbria of domestic violence is £ 48 million in direct costs and in addition the human and emotional cost is £ 151 million (for example loss of productivity). Walby,2004

12.9 million incidents: The British Crime Survey found that there were an estimated 12.9 million incidents of domestic violence acts (that constituted non-sexual threats or force) against women and 2.5 million against men in England and Wales in the year preceding interview (Walby & Allen, 2004).

Prevalence in Cumbria Home Office Statistics based on population size, the British Crime Survey and the prevalence rate for the region estimate that over 15,000 women and girls were victims of domestic abuse in the last year in Cumbria and that there were over 5000 victims of sexual assault.

One in five counselling sessions: Nearly 1 in 5 counselling sessions held in Relate Centres in England on 28 September 2000 mentioned domestic violence as an issue in the marriage (Stanko, 2000).

One call a minute to the police: Though only a minority of incidents of domestic violence are reported to the police , the police still receive one call about domestic violence for every minute in the UK, an estimated 1,300 calls each day or over 570,000 each year. (Stanko, 2000).  However, according to the British Crime Survey,

Less than 40% of domestic violence crime is reported to the police (Dodd et al, July 2004; Walby and Allen, 2004; Home Office, 2002).

Calls to the police in Cumbria  - last year in Cumbria (2011)there were over 6456 incidents of DV reported to the police.

Repeat victimisation is common. 44% of victims of domestic violence are involved in more than one incident.  No other type of crime has a rate of repeat victimisation as high (Dodd et al, July 2004). In Cumbriaaround 40% of calls related to domestic violence are repeat victims and domestic violence accounts for 14% of all violent crime. 

Women assaulted by men they know: The self-completion module of the 2001 British Crime Survey research found that "women are most commonly sexually assaulted by men they know". When the researchers asked women about the last incident of rape experienced since the age of 16, they found that 45% were raped by current husbands or partners, 9% by former partners, and a further 29% of perpetrators were otherwise known to the victim. Only 17% were raped by strangers (Walby & Allen, 2004).

Assaults from partners not living together: Of women who had experienced domestic violence, 25% had never lived with the partner who had committed the worst act of violence against them. (Walby & Allen, 2004). Of women who had experienced domestic violence, 25% had never lived with the partner who had committed the worst act of violence against them. (Walby & Allen, 2004).

Fear of being killed: In a study of 200 women's experiences of domestic violence it was found that 60% of the women had left because they feared that they or their children would be killed by the perpetrator (Humphreys & Thiara, 2002). 70% of domestic violence cases result in physical injury and this crime

Homicide: On average, two women a week are killed by a violent partner or ex-partner. This constitutes nearly 40% of all female homicide victims.  (Povey, (ed.), 2005; Home Office, 1999; Department of Health, 2005.) 

Child protection - 52% of child protection case conferences involve domestic violence, In Cumbria, in a snap shot of 15 case conferences  13 involved domestic abuse domestic violence as a significant factor and domestic violence is a significant factor in the majority of serious case reviews. 55% of children and young people in care are from domestic violence households

Children experiencing domestic violence - almost a quarter of young adults in the UK have witnessed domestic violence in their childhood , and almost 1 in 20 children and young people in the UK have experience sever forms of domestic violence  (Children Experiencing Domestic Violence :A research review ,Stanley 2011) 

Young peoples attitudes -Some 20% of teenage girls have been hit by their boyfriends, 4% were subjected to regular attacks by their partner and a further 16% had been struck at least once.  42% knew girls who have been hit by their boyfriends and that 50% of young men and 33% of young women  said it was ok to hit a women or force her to have sex in some circumstances. (NSPCC and Sugar Magazine 2005)

Health costs - The cost of treating mental health amounts to ( £ 0.176 billion E&W) and ( £ 1.76 million Cumbria) (Walby, 2004)

Mental Health - 75% of cases of domestic violence result in physical injury or mental health consequences to women. (Home Office 2001) Between 50% and 60% of women mental health service users have experienced domestic violence and up to 20% will be experiencing current abuse Domestic violence and abuse is the most prevalent cause of depression and other mental health difficulties in women. (Department of Health)

Pregnancy and domestic violence , 30% of domestic abuse starts during pregnancy