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Stories from around the county about local people
March 1917
  • 3rd: Petrograd, munition workers` strike
  • 4th: Red Baron claims his 22nd and 23rd aerial victories
  • 10th: Martial law declared in Petrograd
  • 11th: Baghdad occupied by British forces
  • 15th: Russian Tsar Nicholas II abdicates
  • 18th: German destroyer raid on Ramsgate
  • 19th: French battleship Danton sunk by submarine in Mediterranean
  • 24th: Austria makes secret peace proposals
The First World War in Cumbria day by day
TODAY

16 March 1916

In this week's West Cumberland Times there appeared the following advert The Cycle That Is Made Like a Gun, be wise in time and order your ROYAL ENFIELD now at R.H. Hamilton's, 38 Fisher Street, Workington.

17 March 1916

IRISH SOLDIERS' FLAG DAY. Maryport celebration today promoted in aid of Comforts and Necessaries for Irish soldiers on active service, Irish prisoners of war in Germany. Buy a flag-respond generously.

18 March 1916

Mrs Oswald Hedley of Briery Close, Ambleside, died. She had helped to organise the conversion of their property at Calgarth Park to a hospital for wounded Belgian and British Officers. After the War, the hospital was reopened as the Ethel Hedley Orthopaedic Hospital for Children in her memory.

19 March 1916

This evening a service was held at the Kirk Mission, Whitehaven, in memory of Private J.W. McGuffie, whose death was reported last week. Private McGuffie had long been connected with the Mission and was a valued worker. The service, which was most impressive, was conducted by Mr H. Porter, the Missioner, whose address was taken from the text, The mortal shall have immortality. There was a large congregation, and the deceased's favourite's hymns were sung.

20 March 1916

Cockermouth Theatre and Cinema House, continuous performance from 7-10:45, Latest war pictures, With the French in Salonica AND  Shells, More Shells, sensational spy drama. Prices - grand circle (balcony), 9d and 6d, stalls 4d, pit 3d.

21 March 1916

After receiving official information that her husband, Private Thompson Nean, 2nd Border Regiment, was missing, and not having heard from him in seven weeks, Mrs Nean of 26 Ripton Lane, Whitehaven, was great relieved this week, when a postcard arrived from him, stating that he was a prisoner of war in Germany, and was doing alright. He asked for some 'fags', to be forwarded to him and added that Jake Miller, of Whitehaven was with him.

22 March 1916

The Bootle Tribunal met in the hall Ravenglass today. A shoemaker, aged 28, married, stated that he bought a business last August, and he repaired and made shoes for wide district. The tribunal refused his application for an exemption.

23 March 1916

This week a big crowd assembled at Cockermouth railway station to witness the departure of about 40 young men to take up their duties under the Military Service Act.

24 March 1916

Submarine HMS G12 launched at Barrow. [Scrapped 1920].

25 March 1916

This week it was reported that Dr Noble of Stricklandgate House, Kendal, who was responsible for the medical examination of all recruits at Kendal up to two months ago, has been house-fast for eight weeks owing to overwork during the rush of the Derby recruits

26 March 1916

All Souls Netherton. This evening at 6:30pm there was a memorial service for Private Gilbert Aikens. The Vicar preached.

27 March 1916

This week's Westmorland Gazette carried the following advert 'T.O'loughlin, 2nd A.M., R.F.C., Cycle Agent, Stricklandgate, Kendal wishes to inform the Public of Kendal and District that, owing to the War, he has Enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps, and Thanks all Patrons for their esteamed patronage, and he intends to Re-open after the War.'

28 March 1916

The Finsthwaite War Working Party has forwarded to the War Hopital Supplies Depot at Barrow 20 shirts and 48 pairs of socks.

29 March 1916

Grand Theatre, Cockermouth. Italian fate, given by fourteen ladies in Italian costume. Followed by a patriotic cantata 'Flags of the nations', in aid of Cockermouth Hospital stores depot. Grand circle - 2s, second seats - 1s, 6d. Doors open 19:30. Early door 19:15.

30 March 1916

Mr PJ Hibbert, Grange, presided over a meeting at Ulverston tonight in connection with the Lancashire County effort, in conjunction with the Board of Trade Labour Exchanges, to promote employment of women in agriculture during the war. The object is to make a canvass of the whole of the rural districts to see how many women would be willing to show their patriotism by working for and helping farmers who require assistance owing to their men having joined the colours.

31 March 1916

At the Kendal Tribunal this week a 23 year Kendal boot and shoe maker stated that he was a conscientious objector. He said he made boots for cripples and 'therefore' would be useful after the war'. He went onto say he objected to military service. The military representative at the tribunal dismissed the appeal saying 'You are in the Army now.'

01 April 1916

The annual meeting of Kirkby Stephen Cricket Club was held this evening under the presidency of GE Thompson.  Mr FW Harrison moved the club be continued for the year, but that, owing to the war, there were no matches or practises.

02 April 1916

At the recent Keswick Tribunal a farmer and dairyman appealed against military service saying that he only had one eye. Captain Church for the Tribunal said that one-eyed men often made the best snipers. Nine months exemption was allowed.

03 April 1916

At the Cockermouth Rural Tribunal a Bassenthwaite grocer and gardener appealed against military service as he said that if he went his business would be broken up. The Chairman of the Tribunal commented that he was afraid a good many businesses will be broken up before this war is over. Applicant ordered to go forward.

04 April 1916

It was reported this week that Lance-Sergeant Sanson, who was a member of the Cumberland and Westmorland Constabulary before the war, is again in hospital, suffering from wounds received while fighting in France. It appears that a trench occupied by Sanson and his comrades was blown in, with a result that eight of his teeth were knocked out, and his back and one of his eyes were injured. This is the third time Sanson has been wounded, but in spite of all he writes and says "He is still smiling".

05 April 1916

At the Kendal Brough Tribunal today an oil merchant, aged 29, sought exemption. He said he had 700 and 800 houses dependent upon him for oil supplies. He worked 16 hours a day. A member of the Tribunal asked 'When do you sleep?' Appellant 'It just depends when I can get it. I work 16 hours on short days and 18 hours on long days'. Exempted until July 1st.

06 April 1916

At today's Wigton Urban District Council meeting Doctor Hannay, the Medical Officer, stated that in response to the general appeal sent to all medical men under 45 throughout the British Isles, he had given his name as being willing to serve with His Majesty's forces if and when he might be required. He hoped, if he called upon, the Council would not hinder his accepting. The Clerk, Mr Crooks, replied "Certainly not."

07 April 1916

PRESENTS FOR SOLDIERS. The nerve tension in the trenches is great, and requires that a man's vitality be kept a bit above average. There are times when food in Tablets is of wonderful help to them to sustain their vitality, and times when the small comforts of homely articles can be enjoyed that make all the difference between depression and cheerfulness. For health-giving Tonics, as well as for the numerous necessities of Army life which only a Chemist can supply, -  go to Taylors Chemists, 4 Stricklandgate, Kendal. Also at Barrow and Ulverston.

08 April 1916

The East Westmorland Tribunal was held at Kirkby Stephen today.  In only exempting one of two sons of an Orton farmer the military representative, Mr Slack, commented that there were too many young men in the Orton District.

09 April 1916

How the War has thinned the population of the Wigton Urban District by the enlistment of its sons, is shown by the fact that the population of the district according to the National Register returns of last year was 3,419 as compared with 3,687 in the census of 1911. Our numbers will have been considerably further reduced since the National Register returns were obtained.

10 April 1916

Today, the first men to be called up from the married groups left Grasmere, together with the first man called up under the Military Service Act. Their names were Frederick George Borwick, James McCreath Smith, Stephen Watson, Edward James Wilson and Thomas William Thompson.

11 April 1916

A postal order for 12s has been sent to each of the 19 old scholars of Hawkshead on active service out of the net profit of £ 11 10s 8d realised by the school children's concert at Hawkshead.

12 April 1916

This week it was reported that a well-known Penrith painter was out sketching Yanwath Hall and unsuspectingly included the railway viaduct in his work. The National Reserve soldiers, probably taking him for a spy, required of him all particulars concerning himself and caused him to remove his stand.

13 April 1916

A Barrow member of the Cumberland and Westmorland Yeomanry, A.Ferguson, after going through seven operations - one in Carlisle six in Manchester and Edinburgh - was discharged last September through the loss of an eye. He offered himself for re-enlistment at Penrith, but the Yeomanry was then up to strength. Whereupon he enlisted with the Seaforths, and he has again been discharged with his leg broken in two places after an accident. His determination to serve his country is indicated by the fact that after the outbreak of the war he joined the King's Own Regiment, but was discharged on medical grounds, and now in spite of his injuries he was anxious to work on munitions.

14 April 1916

A parcel which was sent over six months ago by Mrs Graham, North Row, Bassenthwaite, to her husband while he was at the Dardanelles, was returned to her today. It was in a very battered condition, and the cake which it contained was like sawdust.

15 April 1916

Barrow Welsh met the 5th Border Regiment at Dalton today in a game of Northern Union. Barrow Welsh scored a try and kicked a goal, 5 points, whilst the Border Regiment scored one try, 3 points. All the scoring was in the first half.

16 April 1916

The Daily Chronicle reported this week that James Scott Duckers, the solicitor who acted as chairman of the Stop-the-War-Committee was fined £ 2.00 by the Marlborough Street magistrate for failing to report under the Military Service Act. He subsequently went to Wandsworth prison for his refusal to join the army. His family lived in Wetheral and he was articled with a Carlisle solicitor before moving to London.

17 April 1916

The Coal Bill. This method of putting slack on the fire will considerably reduce your coal bill. Double a piece of newspaper several times, lay it flat on the fire, and throw on the top one or two  shovelfuls of damp slack. The paper holds together, and the slack does not choke the fire, but quickly forms into a hard lump.

18 April 1916

Brampton Tribunal. By an amusing mistake in recording the wrong Christian name, a Farlam farmer who was 60 years of age was summoned before the Tribunal instead of his nephew, 37 years of age, who stays with him.

19 April 1916

A pork butcher with a shop in Penrith applied to the Penrith Urban Tribunal today for the exemption of his son (19) who was a partner in the business. The father said that the son had to divide his time between his Penrith and Carlisle shops. He could not get more women; indeed he would rather close up after his recent experiences. One woman of 22 during her first fortnight hurt herself at work and was 14 weeks under the doctor so that it was an expensive experiment for him. It was impossible for a woman to do men's work in his trade.

20 April 1916

The following letter appeared in this week's Wigton Advertiser Sir - We would be very glad if you would publish in the Wigton Advertiser this letter thanking the Wigton Soldiers' and Sailors' Fund for the postal orders which we were very thankful for. We were sitting in our little dug-out and shells were flying all around when we wrote this letter. All the lads are in 'the pink', and seem to be very cheerful, but they would be happier if this trouble was over and they were sitting round the old fireside.' Signed 'Tucker', Corrigan, W.Robinson, Dicky. In our little dug-out in the trench.

21 April 1916

Hudson's Scott and Sons Ltd. James Street, Carlisle. Young girls and women's solderers wanted.

22 April 1916

For some weeks an effort has been made to secure an advance in wages for iron ore miners in the Barrow district. Negotiations have resulted in the bargain rate being raised to 8s 6d per day, with a minimum of 7s 6d. This is approximate to the Cumberland scale, and is an advance of 1s 4d per day. For a long time there has been a great scarcity of men for the mines, but very many miners who went onto munition  work at Barrow shipyard are next week to return to iron ore mining, and so increase the output.

23 April 1916

At Brough church this evening the service was intended specially as a memorial to the late Private Scrivens, who lost his life some weeks ago in France. The Vicar, the Rev EH Sigden, preached to a large congregation.

24 April 1916

Married today at Hawkshead  Church, Mr John Birbeck and Miss Isabel Murphy. The bridegroom, rejected in September 1914 as medically unfit, is engaged on munition work in Barrow. The newly married couple left for Seaton, Workington, for the honeymoon.

25 April 1916

Hall's Wine for Nerve Tonic. In a Zeppelin Raid 'Hall's Wine worked wonders; preventing the nervous collapse of several ladies when the strain of the nerves was at its worst, I have greater faith in Halls than ever.' Large bottle 3/6

26 April 1916

A Gold Shell Ring beautifully finished With a Regimental or Naval Crest. Any design executed by our own experts on the premises. 2/6 post free. Dalgleish, under the Town Hall, Carlisle.

27 April 1916

Lady Bagot delivered a lecture in the Town Hall, Kendal, entitled 'In the Fighting Zone'.

28 April 1916

Eight soldiers of the Border Regiment, in khaki, from Carlisle Castle, were amongst the candidates presented for Confirmation at the Confirmation Service held today in St. Mary's Church, Carlisle, by the Bishop of Barrow.

29 April 1916

English soldiers' Flag Day at Workington (including Harrington, Stainburn, Clifton, Bridge Foot, Seaton and Camerton). The net proceeds will go in support of local soldiers' and sailors' comforts fund.

30 April 1916

Today Sunday April 30th in the City picture House, English Street, Carlisle; Grand Sacred Concert in aid of Widows and Orphans of Soldiers of the Border Regiment Killed in the War. The whole of the Proceeds will be handed over for this cause without any deductions whatsoever. Doors open at 7:15 for 1/-

01 May 1916

Submarine HMS G8 launched at Barrow. Royal Navy ['Fate',  lost 1918].

02 May 1916

The Officer commanding the 12th (Reserve) Battalion, Border Regiment, at Prees Heath, Sallop, desires to impress upon friends and relatives of soldiers, the importance of more fully addressing letter and parcels. Recently a parcel was received at the Military Post Office at Prees Heath, addressed to Private Simpson, Prees Heath. Letters and parcels should indicate the man's number, rank, initial, name, company, unit, and station.

03 May 1916

Christ Church, Cockermouth. Today annual sale of work, a special feature of which will be a 'Soldier's Room'.

04 May 1916

This week the Westmorland Gazette commented that The National War Savings Committee has issued as a poster 'Are you helping the Germans? You are helping the Germans when you use a motor-car for pleasure'. The number of persons who passed through Kendal on Sunday, HELPING THE GERMANS, is [assuming we include motor-cycles and side-cars] believed to have exceeded five hundred; and not one of them looked guilty of anything worse than habitual self-indulgence or a mania for dust-churning.

05 May 1916

The number of eggs for wounded soldiers forwarded from Kirkby Stephen Council School was up to today 4,169. The school roll of honour contains the names of 124 former pupils.

06 May 1916

The following announcement appeared in today's West Cumberland Times, "Owing to my son, Isaac Miller, having gone to the War, I shall travel the district and carry on the business until his return. I trust that the old customers will continue to support the firm." John Miller, 72, Main Street, Keswick.

07 May 1916

(Experienced) Wanted. Ineligible for Army. Good wages given. Apply Martin, 2, Carlisle Road, Brampton, Cumberland.

08 May 1916

There were prosecutions at Kendal Police Court for failure to keep lights obscured.

09 May 1916

Penrith Rural Military Tribunal met today from 10am to 6pm and dealt with some eighty cases. A Lazonby contractor applied on behalf of five men, three of whom were married. His normal staff was 30, now he only had 14. Nine of the others were in the Army, and some had gone to Gretna. He was doing haulage for Gretna but had to stop it because of the lack of men.  All five men were given condition of exemption.

10 May 1916

At Keswick Tribunal this week a poulterer appealed on behalf of his son. He said the work was harder than might be thought. Captain Church for the Tribunal commented; the most difficult part is the killing, but when that is done could not the women do the dressing? They could, said the poulterer, but you cannot get them. Mr Abraham for the Tribunal; I tried to kill a duck once by cutting its head off, but it ran away (Laughter) - the application was refused.

11 May 1916

Reported in the week's Wigton Advertiser the death of Robert Glaister, RNR, killed in action in Dublin on the 28th of April. Husband of Harriet Glaister, Rye Cote, Silloth, and elder son of the late Robert Glaister, East Cote, Silloth. [He was one of 112 British soldiers killed in the Easter Uprising].

12 May 1916

Minns, St Cuthbert's Lane, Carlisle, advertised 'WORKING MEN Carlisle and Gretna, NOW OPEN. Sundays 9am until 9:45pm Milk Stout and Hop Ale on draught, 3d per pint. Come and treat your friends'.

13 May 1916

A Serbian Flag Day was held in Aspatria today, when a special effort to raise funds for the Serbian Relief Fund was carried out by an energetic committee chaired by Mr Goudge and Mr George Bell, secretary. Lady members of the committee were astir selling Serbian flags, and it was difficult to find anyone who was not wearing them. The amount to hand at the end of the day was £ 23.00, and more was expected in.

14 May 1916

Baptised this day at Cockermouth All Saints, James Verdun, son of John and Mary Simpson of 17 Kirkgate, Cockermouth.

15 May 1916

The Roll of Honour in the vestibule of St Andrews Church, Penrith, now contains 960 names, which include 26 of men who have given their lives for their countries. The Christ Church list is also a very long one.

16 May 1916

The monthly meeting of the Longtown Board of Guardians and Rural District Council was held today. The Sanitary Inspector reported a case of overcrowding in Mary Street, Longtown. He said there were two rooms in the house. The family consisted of seven, and they also took in lodgers. There had been a death in the house recently and the corpse lay in the kitchen while the cooking proceeded and their people took their food. [Munition workers and navvies had flooded the area].

17 May 1916

The Penrith Urban Tribunal met this day.  The Tribunal instructed their Clerk to send a strong letter to the authorities complaining of the ease with which eligible men escaped military service by taking refuge at the Gretna Munition work.

18 May 1916

A letter dated this day appeared in the local press from Mr Padel, Headmaster of Carlisle Grammar School. He wrote that he felt he had to make a public statement explaining that through his father he is of Danish and not German descent. His mother was of German birth but had French blood in her veins and she had lived in this country for over 50 years. She has, he wrote, no wish but for an Allied victory.

19 May 1916

Christened at Christchurch, Carlisle, Cedric Verdun, son of William and Edith Shaw, Adelaide Street, Carlisle.

20 May 1916

Two years for a Cockermouth conscientious objector. Today it was reported that Mr M.E. Mandale, a Cockermouth man who was sent to the Non-Combatant Corps, was brought before the Colonel for refusing to obey orders and in the presence of the whole Corps he was sentenced to two years' hard labour.

21 May 1916

The City Picture House, Carlisle; tonight Official pictures of the British Army in France No 2D With Lord Kitchener in France. Every Time You Buy a Ticket You Fire a Shot at the Enemy.

22 May 1916

Today was the anniversary of the Gretna Railway Disaster which killed so many men of the 1/7th Battalion the Royal Scots (Leith Territorials). The memorial erected in the Rosebank Cemetery, Leith, Edinburgh was yesterday, Sunday (21st) and today (22nd) visited today by a large number of friends and relatives, estimated at no less than 30,000. Many floral tributes were placed on the grave.

23 May 1916

At the Whitehaven Rural Tribunal today an Egremont farmer applied for exemption of his son, 25, cowman and shepherd.  Asked by the Military Representative if he could not get a woman to look after his milk cart, applicant said he'd rather give up his milk business than get a woman. Exemption given until June 23rd.

24 May 1916

BUY YOUR TENNIS NECESSITIES NOW. Just now is the best time for securing your tennis necessities at "War Time Economy" prices. In two months' time they will be almost inprocurable owing to shortness of labour. Why not call in now and inspect our stock? You will shake hands with yourself afterwards. Kerr & Co. Sports & Hobbies Depot, Workington.

25 May 1916

Mr Ashton Johnson gave a lantern lecture entitled 'The Story of the War in Cartoons' in Kendal Public Library.

26 May 1916

Empire Day. Flags displayed, lessons on the Empire given and appropriate hymns and patriotic songs sung. After rendering the National Anthem the children saluted the Union Jack. A collection was taken for the Overseas Club Tobacco Fund which realized £ 1 4s 3d [Burgh by Sands School Log Book].

27 May 1916

Gifts of chocolate, sweets and tobacco sent by Carlisle's Denton Holme schoolchildren to French soldiers fighting at Verdun were acknowledged in a letter in this week's Carlisle Journal. Miss A Roberts, supervisor of British nurses at the Military Hospital in Eastern France wrote to thank the children on behalf of the 'great and brave men who so nobly defended Verdun'. The nurse concluded 'I hope to send for the school a German 77 shell, thinking  you may care to have it made into a bell to ring the children to their lessons and as a lasting memorial of their patriotism'.

28 May 1916

A service in memory of Private W.Cameron, Ellenborough, who was killed in action, was held this evening in Ellenborough Primitive Methodist Church. Mr Davies in his sermon referred to his lofty character and added that for some time he was a local preacher, who was always listened to with interest and profit.

29 May 1916

Royal Navy Submarine HMS K3 launched at Barrow.[Scrapped 1921].

A flag day at Kirkby Stephen today in aid of the YMCA Soldiers' Hut Fund realised £ 7 6s 7d.

 

30 May 1916

A meeting was held in Penrith today in connection with the efforts which are being made to secure women for work on the farms. There was a large attendance principally of women. The Rev T Armstrong said a rumour had gone about that women were not to be paid for their work, but were asked to give voluntary service. A Mr Dalzell said he had never heard of such a thing. Farmers are a class of men who would never ask for such a thing to be done (Hear, hear).

31 May 1916

Whitehaven Town Council. Soldiers Memorial Committee. It was resolved this day that municipal recognition be taken of the honour gained by Corporal Ewing who had been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal and that he be presented at a public meeting, to be arranged at a later date, with a Gold Watch, bearing a suitable inscription.

01 June 1916

Scaurbank Auxiliary Hospital, Longtown, opens.

02 June 1916

The Old Dye 'Never-Fade' Serge, like the British Navy, will never fade. Redmaynes Durafit, it resists both sea and sun, and is worth fully 10s more than I charge. Shops at Carlisle, Workington, Whitehaven, Penrith, Wigton, Maryport, Kendal etc.

03 June 1916

NO COMPULSION! At J. Aird & Sons, the Fountain Hardware Stores, 1 High Street, Wigton. But you may VOLUNTEER to buy any of the large and well bought stock of ironmongery, bedsteads and fireside suites they have for sale.

04 June 1916

If your wages are increased by the war PATRIOTISM means lending the increase to the COUNTRY. You can do this at the Carlisle and County Savings Bank; branches throughout the County.

05 June 1916

At the Lunesdale tribunal meeting at Hornby this week the military representative, Mr GS Beckett, said at a meeting of military representatives and representatives of the War Office attention has been called to the very poor response obtained in Lunesdale. It was stated that only twenty-four men had been got for the army out of 300 applications. The military authorities were not satisfied.

06 June 1916

At tonight's Workington town council meeting, Councillor W.C. Hill put forward the following motion 'With all suitable land owned by the Cooperation, be broken up and planted with potatoes at the earliest possible moment.'

07 June 1916

A meeting will be held at the Women's War Club Rooms, Maryport, this evening at 7pm. Miss Rocliffe, London, will speak on the subject 'War work on the line for women'. All women are invited to attend to hear how they can serve their country by working on the land.

08 June 1916

In Memoriam in this week's Westmorland Gazette. HOGGARTH-IN MEMORY OF PRIVATE JAMES HOGGARTH, WHO WAS KILLED IN ACTION ON JUNE 8TH, 1915, AT LA BASSEE, FRANCE.
Thy purpose, Lord, we cannot see,
But all is well that's done by thee,
From his Father, Mother, Brothers and Sisters, Town End, Far Sawrey

09 June 1916

Today it was reported that the news of Lord Kitchener's death produced the greatest consternation in Brampton. Groups congregated in the streets and discussed the sad intelligence, and universal regret was expressed everywhere. [He drowned aboard HMS Hampshire which sank on the 5th June after hitting a mine North West off Scapa].

10 June 1916

At the Whitsuntide Hiring in Kendal the call of the Army cast its shadow over the hiring of men, few being available.

11 June 1916

This afternoon a memorial service to the late Field Marshall Earl Kitchener, was held in St. Oswald's Church, Burneside. The service conducted by the Vicar, the Reverend G.H.J. Baily, was well attended. The service commenced with a well-known hymn "God moves in a mysterious way."

12 June 1916

This week Allonby heard that the first of their soldiers had died in service. Private John Barwise Osborn, Border Regiment, a native of that seaside village, was accidentally drowned while bathing in a deep pool in France. A major and private attempted rescue, but Osborne only rose once and efforts were unavailing. Reference to Private Allonby was made by the Rev W Lindop in Allonby Church on Sunday, and at the conclusion of the service the organist played the 'Death March'.

13 June 1916

This week it was reported that during the past 12 months 1,289 eggs have been collected by Allhallows school children and sent off for wounded soldiers.

14 June 1916

ABOVE-DERWENT NEWSLETTER reported that Victor Van de Paar, the Belgian who found a home in Braithwaite, has been needed by his Government. 'It rather looks as if the Belgian Railways were going to get to work again. He has been very happy here. As he was called away very suddenly, he wishes to express his warm thanks for all the kindness he has received whilst here'.

15 June 1916

Royal Navy Submarine HMS G9 launched at Barrow [Sunk 1917].

16 June 1916

Many difficulties were experienced over the hiring at the Ulverston fair. There was a very good attendance considering the number of men who have left North Lonsdale for the army and the constant calls of the munition works in the neighbourhood, where another 2,000 females are wanted; and wages ruled high. Head men received from £ 35 to £ 40 for the half-year, with board and lodgings and youths of 17 £ 20 to £ 28, and boys £ 12 to £ 18.                  

17 June 1916

Today at 2;30pm a Sale of Work to provide material for making Sandbags will be held in the Parish Church Hall, Kendal. Admission 6d; after 5pm 3d.

18 June 1916

WANTED, at once, strong hearty women, willing workers, for Explosive Works, to release men for service; wages 7d per hour; eight hour shifts; working clothes found, lodgings plentiful. - Brooke's Chemicals, Ltd, Lightcliffe Works, Halifax. Advert in this week's Westmorland Gazette.

19 June 1916

The local press reported that Miss D Beauchamp Waddell, niece of the Misses Thompson, Wetheral Plain, and a member of the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry Corps, is driving a motor ambulance on the Western Front with the British Expeditionary Force in France. For more than a year Miss Waddell worked with First Division of the Belgian Army. [ In 1919 Miss Waddell, writing under the name of Pat Beauchamp, published her war memoirs entitled 'Fanny goes to War'].

20 June 1916

Mr J Bellman, photographer, Whitehaven, has had a postcard from his son Arthur, who was one of the crew of the Nomad destroyer lost in the battle of Jutland, saying he is a prisoner of war in Germany.

21 June 1916

The name of 26467 Gunner J.Sinkinson, Royal Garrison Artillery, of Penrith, appears in the official list issued recently by the War Office of men who are believed to have been taken prisoner by the Turks when Kut surrendered [The Cumberland and Westmorland Herald of May 12th1917 announced the death of Gunner Sinkinson of typhus when a POW of the Turks].

22 June 1916

KILL THAT INSECT TOMMY! - Send your pals 'out yonder' some tins of Harrison's Nursery Pomade - they'll be very acceptable. When you haven't time to wash, there's a big chance you'll have 'companions'. A little Harrison's Pomade kills every insect on hair of body. Insists on having Harrison's Nursery Pomade, 'Tins of Comfort', at 4d and 9d. Sold by all Chemists - or by post from HARRISON, Chemist, Reading. Agents for Carlisle T.RIDLEY and SON, and H. SAWYER, Chemists.

23 June 1916

It was announced that today a meeting would be held by the National Council against Conscription at the Fountain, Wigton; the speakers to be Mr Thomas Richardson, MP and Mrs Anderson Fenn, to commence at 8:30pm. An hour before the appointed time the large crowd of all ages and classes assembled and eagerly awaited the arrival of the "No-Conscriptionists". Mr Richardson arrived in a Ford motor car and elbowed his way through the crowd, but a few words with one of the four police officers present brought him to a decision to abandon the meeting, and midst tremendous hooting, and a shower of all kinds of missiles, he made his way back to the motor which looked as though it would be overturned. Eventually the car got safely away. A band of two or three performers then struck up the National Anthem which was sung with great enthusiasm.

24 June 1916

The speakers sent down by the National Council against Conscription had a warm reception at Maryport tonight when they attempted to hold a meeting at the foot of Shipping Brow to expand their views. The bulk of the crowd were probably inclined to hear what the speakers had to say and to give them a heckling afterwards; but the more violent sections prevailed, and in the face of the determined opposition they set up, no meeting could be held.

25 June 1916

Further Restrictions in RAILWAY SERVICES; see Beatys' Northern Guide for this month. On sale at all bookstalls one penny.

26 June 1916

Cockermouth Rural Tribunal met at Grecian Villa today. A single-handed farmer, 40 years of age, with seven children, was given conditional exemption. A farmers son, aged 22 years, single, was given exemption to August 31st to help get in the hay. His father was told that as far as that Tribunal was concerned the exemption was final.

27 June 1916

Ruby Lindow, Main Street, Egremont, won first prize in this week's West Cumberland Times, Children's Corner, competition with her essay on The War. She wrote Oh, how we all wish this dreadful war, which has lasted nearly two years, would come to a successful end for our allies. When one thinks about the war they seem to imagine the world is nearing the end, because the Bible says the end of the world shall come when "There is Wars and rumours of Wars, and Nations shall rise against Nations, and this is taking place now".

28 June 1916

The National Council against Conscription held a meeting in the Working Men's Club, Old Post Office Yard, Kendal, this evening. The Westmorland Gazette reported that conscientious objectors and elderly ladies formed the bulk of the not very numerous audience. During the speeches children outside gave cheers for the British Army and flung handfuls of small stones against the windows.

29 June 1916

This week the gratifying news reached Tropenhow, that Private G. Chaplehow, 2nd Tyneside Scottish NF, son or Mr. Chaplehow, has been awarded a Military Medal for service in the field, and promoted to Corporal.

30 June 1916

Baptised this day at St Michael's Workington, Edith Cavell daughter of Isaac and Edith Wilson of 11 Bromley Street, Workington.

01 July 1916

Mrs Davidson of 11 Grosvenor Gardens, Carlisle, wrote to her son Jim: "I just want to write and wish you God's speed and the very best of luck. I really will be thankful when I hear you are on the road to India, for France is a dreadful place at this present time. Gates the Policeman is wounded and we are all giving up hope of Jim Wilson, for they had no word from him. Mrs got a field postcard from Tom saying he was alright, posted on July 2nd. Mr Gate wrote and told his wife that Carlisle people would get a dreadful shock when the Casualty list comes out. It all happened in about one hour between 7:30 and 8:30 on July 1st. Mrs Wilson is hoping no news is good news, but people say not in this case'.

02 July 1916

Christened this day at Beaumont Church, John Verdun, son of Maggie Percival, single woman.

Christened this day at St Lawrence, Appleby, Joseph Kitchener son of Arthur and Margaret Flack.

03 July 1916

This week Annie McAllese, daughter of Mrs McAllese, of 60 Arlecdon Road, Arlecdon, received a letter from a wounded soldier, who had received an egg with her name and address on it. The letter was from Private J.H. King, Seaforth Highlanders, who wrote thanking her sincerely for her gift, and added that the collection of eggs for wounded men was a good piece of work. These eggs were collected by the scholars of Arlecdon and Asby Street, St Michael's Sundays Schools, a fortnight ago.

04 July 1916

It was reported today that the demand for Iron was as intense as ever and that every tonne of the make now being obtained is going into immediate consumption. The bulk of the ordinary iron is being taken by the local steel works, and practically all the special and semi special iron is being absorbed by users in the Midlands and Scotland. The furnaces in blast 28. Of this total West Cumberland claimed 15, Distington and Cleator Moor each having 2 furnaces in draft, while the Workington Iron and Steel Company have 11, viz., 4 at Derwent, 3 at Moss Bay, 2 at Oldside, 1 at Lowther, all at Workington, and 1 at Solway at Maryport. Millom has 3, Barrow 6, and North Lonsdale and Carnforth 2 each. 

05 July 1916

A lively scene occurred in the potato market, Kendal, buyers loudly protesting against the farmers' charge of one shilling per quarter-stone for new potatoes and refusing to buy. The farmers ultimately settled the 'strike' by reducing the price to ninepence.

06 July 1916

Books for the army and navy. Special house-to house collection in Kendal today, by soldiers at the VAD. Please get all books and magazines ready for the collectors. The forces are in urgent need and the supply has been falling off. 

07 July 1916

Mr and Mrs H. L. Barker of Sunnyside, Silloth, were much relieved today on hearing that their son, previously reported killed, is now returned as wounded, and is in a hospital in France. Prior to joining the army on the outbreak of the War, Mr Barker was a Clark in a Liverpool bank, and enlisted in the Pals Battalion.

08 July 1916

In a letter dated today to his father in Workington, Private Fletcher writes "Dear Dad, I am going on A1 since I had my leg fixed up after the X-ray operation. Our Mabel says she is glad I am out of the fight, as there is going to be a big slaughter. Well I can tell you it can't be any worse than last Saturday. Being in the thick of it, I knew it, it was simply Hell. Fellas were getting wounded and killed on all sides of me; yet I the lucky one escaped. Bullets, bombs and shells rained down into us from all sides. I owed my life to George Barwise [from Workington] of B Company, he bandaged me up and carried me in, but you need not worry. I am now in a fine place - good nurses, excellent doctors and the best of food. With love to all, your affectionate son, Jack."

09 July 1916

Baptised this day at Nenthead, Annie Louvain daughter of Thomas and Mary Walton.

10 July 1916

Mr Waiteman, Blacksmith from Abbeytown, was officially informed this week that his son had been killed. Mr Waiteman has two sons in the army and the telegram did not say whether it was James or Luke. James was seen and spoken to after the charge by Mr R. McKie, son of John McKie, Abbeytown. Since then there has been no word, and there are grave fears that both are gone. Deep sympathy is felt for Mr Waiteman and family in their bereavement.

11 July 1916

Workington Rural District Tribunal met today. A Parton baker, aged 38, who previously obtained a month's exemption from military service made a further application. He stated that his was the only registered bakery in Parton; he had a wife and two children to provide for. He was willing to do munition work in the day time, and bake bread in the evening. Applicant was formerly a steel rail dresser and had had employment offered him at the Coke Ovens. The Tribunal refused the application.

12 July 1916

Today the Liquor Control Board's first experiment in England, for the purpose of providing a popular refreshment room, was formerly inaugurated, when the old Post Office, in Lowther Street, Carlisle, which has been constructed and designated as The Gretna Tavern and Coffee House, was opened by Lord Lonsdale in the presence of Lord D'Abernon, the chairman of the Liquor Control Board.

13 July 1916

This week's issue of the Westmorland Gazette advertised a specially prepared map of the battle area of the Somme, where the present heavy fighting is taking place - see page 9.

14 July 1916

Portraits of 139 local soldiers put out of action in the 'Big Push' appeared in the Westmorland Gazette.

15 July 1916

Englethwaite Auxiliary Hospital, Cotehill, opens.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS K4 launched at Barrow. [Rammed and sunk 1918].

16 July 1916

Mr and Mrs Joseph Sewell, Smithfield, Egremont, received news this week that their son, Private John Sewell, had been killed in action. In a letter to his parents Private Joshua Sewell (the younger son, who was wounded in the same battle) writes Just a few lines to let you know I have landed at the base, when I arrived I was almost struck dumb when a young fella told me he saw John killed. Poor lad, he got about 5 machine gun bullets through his head, so he would be killed outright. I can hardly realise it is true. Private John Sewell was only 26 years of age. Prior to joining the Colours, he was employed at the Allcoats Mines. 

17 July 1916

Eggeslack Auxiliary Hospital, Grange over Sands, opens.

18 July 1916

Royal Navy Submarine HMS G13 launched at Barrow. [Scrapped 1923].

19 July 1916

Christened this day in St James's Church, Carlisle, Charles Kitchener, son of Thomas and Jessie Hewson, 11 East Dale Street, Carlisle.

20 July 1916

Westmorland Women's County Committee, for promoting the employment of women in agriculture during the War. A second course of four weeks training in milking and light farm work, open to women, will commence this week at the Newton Rigg Farm School.

21 July 1916

Mr and Mrs William Brough Moore, of Fletchertown, received official word this morning that their son, William Moore, had been killed in action on July 1st. The only son of Mr and Mrs Moore, he was popularly known as "Boy Moore".

22 July 1916

In today's Westmorland Gazette there appeared a public notice listing the names, ages, and addresses of local men who have failed to present themselves in the 34th R.D. Recruiting Area, after been called up, either under the Group System or the Military Services Acts, 1916. The list ended; anyone who can give information regarding any of the above-named absentees is invited to do so, either personally or by letter, to the nearest Recruiting Officer. The names of individuals giving such information will on no account be disclosed.

23 July 1916

LAKE ARTISTS' SOCIETY. Exhibition at the Fitz Park Gallery, Keswick, Saturday July 8th to Saturday September 16th. Open week days 9:30 - 7. Admission 6d. Catalogue 3d. Soldiers, Sailors and Nurses in uniform free.

24 July 1916

WESTMORLAND WAR AGRICULTURAL COMMITTEE. SOLDIERS FOR HARVEST. Farmers requiring soldiers for Harvest are recommended to make early application as the supply is likely to be extremely limited. Forms of Application can be obtained from the Labour Exchange, Kendal.

25 July 1916

KILL THAT INSECT, TOMMY! Send your pals "out yonder" some tins of Harrison's Nursery Pomade - they'll be very acceptable. When you haven't time to wash, there's a big chance you'll have "companions." A little Harrison's Pomade kills every insect on hair and body. Insist on having Harrison's Nursery Pomade, "Tins of Comfort," at 4d and 9d. Sold by all Chemists - or by post from Harrison Chemist, Reading. Agents for Kendal: Edmondson & Vogt, 30, Highgate; Windermere: R.H. Barker; Kirkby Lonsdale: G.W. Thexton, Chemist; Grange-over-Sands: H.K. Duckworth, Chemist.

26 July 1916

THE NEW WAR-TIME DRINK. Arninson's Hop Bitter Ale (Aerated-Non intoxicating). Special notice: Will customers with empty bottles please send word, and the cart will call; and will they please refrain from putting oil and other liquids in the bottles. Manufactories: Wigton and Silloth.

THE HERRING FISHERY. As so many men have left the district for the Navy and Army, no attempt has been made this year to fish for Maryport herring. There have been some good hauls of mackerel, and some very large catches of Manx herring have been brought into Maryport recently. Manx herring are one of the few things that have not increased in price since the war started. A very large consignment of Manx herring and mackerel were brought into Maryport today by one of the bigger fishing boats. The herring found a ready market at 24 for 2s, and the mackerel were selling at 1d each.

27 July 1916

THE WAR! Has made Cycles very scarce. We have a few: Sunbeams, the most perfect. Rudge-Whitworth's, Britain's best. See them and get a bargain while opportunity offers, J. Aird & Son, Fountain Hardware Stalls, Wigton.

28 July 1916

Baptised this day Herbert Horatio Kitchener, son of Samuel and Nellie McCullough, 60 Berry Scaur Terrace, Workington.

29 July 1916

Private W. Thompson, of the 8th Royal Warwickshire Regiment, son of W. Thompson, Lady Pitt Terrace, Whitehaven, is posted as wounded and missing.

30 July 1916

A Clear Eye and a Steady Hand are needed not only by the soldier in battle but also by his brother at work. In strenuous days like these even earning a living is a "fight" which you can only win by keeping up your efficiency. For this you must have good vision. Fortunately, failing sight can be checked, defects of vision corrected, and good vision restored with the aid of suitable glasses. Let us do this for you. Call and we will test your sight. W. Oswald Whitehead, D.B.O.A, The Kendal Optical House, 21A Stramongate, Kendal.

31 July 1916

A Cockermouth Rural Tribunal met at Grecian Villa, Cockermouth today. A stonebreaker, 40 years of age, with seven children, living in Embleton, was exempted Military Service. He was told amid laughter that his case required no consideration.

01 August 1916

Open every day from 2:30. THE CITY PICTURE HOUSE. ENGLISH STREET, CARLISLE. Today(Tuesday) & Wednesday only. The French official war film. "The Defence of Verdun." A remarkable series of pictures taken in and around the town.

02 August 1916

Twenty convalescent soldiers arrived at the Bleasdale House Hospital, Silverdale today from Lord Derby's Hospital at Warrington.

03 August 1916

Brampton Union. PERSON or persons required to take charge of Institution for period of War only. Retired Poor Law Officials (male or female) preferred but not essential. Salaries, Master £ 45; Matron £ 30, per annum, with Apartments etc. Applications to the undersigned by 14th August, 1916. THOS. E. BAXTER, Clerk. Union Offices, Brampton, Cumberland, 3rd August 1916.

04 August 1916

Mr and Mrs C.H. Shaw, Eaton Hall, have offered to place a large part of their house at the disposal of the Penrith Military Hospital for more beds in case of need, and Mr and Miss Bolton have made a similar offer with regards to Leming-on-Ullswater.

05 August 1916

Mr. C. Very, treasurer of the Belgian Sustentation Fund in Kendal, reports receipts to April 30th, £ 23 7s. 7d., and disbursements: - For Belgian orphans, £ 1 11 10s., for Belgian soldiers at the front, £ 1 5s. 11d.; for Belgians in the country occupied, £ 20 9s. 10d.

06 August 1916

[Sunday] Keswick and the district around presents some of the lively appearance it wears in peace time. The touring cars are conspicuous by their absence. Some lucky owners with a stock of petrol have been able to reach Keswick by road instead of by rail but they promptly put their cars up in garages and walk, or cycle, or coach. None but motorists complain of the change. There are only cyclists left to growl about the pot holes in the roads, but they are at least free from the dust nuisance and the highways on that account are again possible for the pedestrian. You might walk from Keswick around Bassenthwaite and not pass a single pleasure car. There is a little more movement on the road from Keswick to Windermere but even there the number of motors passing does not average more than one a mile.

07 August 1916

This week it was reported: ABBEY TOWN BROTHERS KILLED. Mr Walter Weightman, Abbey Town, has lost two sons. Luke was killed in the advance on July 1st and his brother James was killed in the trenches on the following day.

08 August 1916

FREARSON. - In affectionate and loving memory of our dear son Private Charles W Frearson, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment (T.F.), who was killed in action on August 8th 1916. 'Ever fondly remembered by his parents and family, 5 James Watt Terrace, Barrow. [Barrow News 10.08.1918]

09 August 1916

Gunner Patrick Bernard Mulligan. R.F.A., youngest son of Mr Patrick Mulligan, Middlegate, Penrith who died from wounds in Fazakerley Hospital, Liverpool was buried at Penrith Cemetery today with full military honours. This being the first military funeral of a Penrith man since the outbreak of the war. The body had been in St. Catherine's Roman Catholic Church during the night and at 7:30 a Requiem Mass was said by Father Read, Newcastle. An escort of members of the National Reserve and the Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry accompanied the hearse to the cemetery and the cortege included members of the Volunteer Training Corps. A party of soldiers acted as bearers. Father Bremer, Carlisle, conducted the service and after three volleys had been fired Private J. Ruddick of the Yeomanry sounded the "Last Post." Those present included the Deputy Chairman and several of the members and officials of the Urban Council.

10 August 1916

WINDERMERE RUSSIAN RED CROSS DAY. Thursday, August 10th 1916. Novelties of the season. Caledonian Market or Country Fair, on Bowness promenade. Lounge and woodland café. Plenty of fun and merriment and side shows.

11 August 1916

The Wigton Advertiser stated under the headline Lads at the Front: Whilst there is at the present time wounded in hospital a Wigton soldier who is only three years off sixty, on the other hand our Roll of Honour contains the name of more than one Wigton boy who ardour for the fray led him to enlist before he was eighteen. Under the new regulation some of the boys under eighteen who were sent out to France are now returning. They have the opportunity if they desire, of coming back until they attain the age for admission into the Army. This is a young man's war, but it is not pleasant to contemplate that boys of sixteen or seventeen have to stand the hardships of the trenches or the awful conditions of modern warfare.

12 August 1916

Grouse Shooting. Today the Lowther Castle party opened the season by shooting over Ralfland Common, the smallest of Lord Lonsdale's Shap moors. Last year this moor had a very heavy stock but the 36 hours continuous heavy rainfall at the beginning of July did great damage; as a result the birds for the opening day were small and few, and under 80 brace were secured. The party included the Duke and Duchess of Beaufort, The Earl and Countess of Mar and Kellie and the honourable Lancelot Lowther.

13 August 1916

The Salvation Army held a memorial service this week for Lance Corporal Norman MacKenzie, a Citadel bandsman from Barrow. The son of William and Mary MacKenzie, Union Street, Barrow, he was killed in action with the 1st/4th Battalion King's Own on 03.08.1916. At the memorial service the Death March from Saul and My Guide, which was one of the bandsman's favourite, were played.

14 August 1916

Hazelbank Officers Hospital, Gosforth opens

15 August 1916

FERTILISERS v THE ARMY At Penrith Rural District Tribunal today Mr Joseph Harrison, a Farmer and Lime Quarry Proprietor, Newbiggin, Dacre, applied for A.E. Mounsey, Quarryman, and Joseph Bowes, Ploughman. He said he was short staffed at the lime works; the men worked at the farm as well as at the quarry. Owing to the scarcity of fertiliser, he thought it more important to keep the works going than to take the men into the Army. Major Smith for the Tribunal said "It was more important to win the war". Bowes had been going from place to place with the intention of avoiding military service. Mounsey was given to November 20th; Bowes was refused.

16 August 1916

Norman Park of the Pals, son of the late Mr T. and of Mrs Park, Wattsfield, Kendal, has been invalided home with fever and passed through Oxenholme on a hospital train today.

17 August 1916

Mrs Burnyeat, the German wife of late Mr. W.J.D. Burnyeat, formerly MP for Whitehaven. QUESTION TO THE HOME SECRETARY. In the House of Commons today Mr Hume Williams asked the Home Secretary whether he would state the circumstances which led to Mrs Burnyeat's internment: the name of the competent military authority who advised Mrs Burnyeat's release and on what grounds and at whose request this advice was tendered; and under what conditions Mrs Burnyeat was allowed to reside at Harrogate. Mr Samnel said that Mrs Burnyeat was released when her husband was gravely ill and after his death in view of her state of health it was decided to allow her to reside at Harrogate, subject to all the restrictions imposed upon enemy aliens in addition to restrictions to her movements and correspondence.

18 August 1916

YOUNG WIDOW'S SUICIDE. It was reported in this week's press that Police-constable Percival was called into a house in Caldecotes, Carlisle, where on arrival he found a woman named Hannah Cowan aged 25 years - a widow, suspended with a rope around her neck from the stair bannister. Artificial respiration was administered but upon the arrival of the doctor life was pronounced extinct. The circumstances surrounding the discovery are particularly painful. The deceased's husband it is understood, left home on the Sunday preceding the Jutland Naval battle during which he is stated to have gone down with H.M.S. Defence. The young mother leaves four children.

19 August 1916

At Burton-in-Lonsdale there are four families who among them have provided sixteen soldiers for the war.

20 August 1916

The presentation of certificates, medallions and labels gained by members of the nursing and ambulance sections of the Cockermouth Voluntary Aid Detachment took place recently. Mrs Dodgson, hon. Commandant of the nursing section, presided and called upon Mrs Green-Thompson, Bridekirk, to make the presentations.

21 August 1916

Many of the people of France and Flanders have become so familiar with the English language that they understand it better than the French Language as spoken by the English and in reference to this fact Lieutenant Hodgson of Netherwasdale tells a good story against himself. Having addressed an old Flemish woman in what he thought was her native lingo, she replied: "If you will sprechen Englees, monsieur, me will understand you better." On another occasion he asked in French, a French girl to direct him to some place he was going to. "Round that corner." She replied in English, "first turn to the right, then to the left."

22 August 1916

The seventh annual report of the directors of the Workington Iron and Steel Company, states that the profit on the year's working is £ 485,419, which with £ 22,644 brought forward from the previous year gives for disposal £ 508,063.  The entire plant has been placed at the disposal of the Government who had practically taken the whole output.

23 August 1916

Writing to the Wigton Advertiser one of the 5th Border in France described their doings when out of the firing line. 'One night we attended a 'cinema' as the Canadians call a picture palace, about two kilometres away, equal to one and a half English miles. We line up two deep outside the barn, hundreds of ours. It is the 'third house' and we are waiting our turn to get in when who should come strolling out but one well known in Wigton, Driver Joe Burney, who was with Mr John Kerr, Red Hall, and Mr Watson Lowfield House, and who once had the misfortune to break his ankle at Wigton Baths when wrestling. Joe says it doesn't matter where he goes, he always turn up somebody from the 'Pump'.

24 August 1916

Legal and official notices. The Carlisle New Brewery Company Ltd; as this company have now been acquired by the Central Control Board (Liquor Traffic) all persons having any claims or demands against them are requested to forward full particulars, and all persons indebted to the said company, are requested to pay the amount of their respective debts to me forthwith; Robert W. Slee, New Brewery, Carlisle.

25 August 1916

Westmorland County Council, Public Health and Housing Committee resolved that in as much as the Local Government Board have laid upon County and County Borough Councils the duty of treating all cases of contagious venereal disease, steps should be taken to ensure that all men who have contracted venereal disease while in the Army should not be discharged until they are no longer in a state of infection.

26 August 1916

The Carlisle Journal reported today that the normal population of Carlisle is about 55,000 but at the present moment there are at least 65,000 within its boundaries; and there is, of course, great overcrowding. There are no empty houses within the city, and when one becomes vacant there are 100s of applicants for it. Lodgings are difficult to obtain as houses; probably there is not a dweller in the artisan lower middle class quarters of the town, who has not been piteously appealed to by workers to let them in. The evil in this congestion is obvious: the remedy is equally obvious. More houses must be built. But they cannot be built; the government has stopped all Building.

27 August 1916

Today, Sunday, a service in memory of Privates George E McFall, Tom Robinson, John E Robinson, WT Grey, John Rowland Lightfoot, and John Lacey, who were killed on active service in France, was held in St Paul's Church, Frizington. There was a good congregation in addition to the relatives and friends of the departed soldiers. The Rev RSE Oliver preached 'They are all of them young, everyone of them doubtless with the young man's desire to live and enjoy life. They did not want to die. They loved life. They looked forward to a happy life here, and now they have departed, the saddest thought being their youth.'

28 August 1916

Today Belgian miner, Theophile Wustenberg, living in Northside, Workington, was killed by a rock fall at Lowca Pit.

29 August 1916

It was announced this week that Messers S.Redmayne & Sons Ltd of Wigton, Durafit Tailors, have secured the order of making the uniforms for the 1st Cumberland Volunteer Force. The uniforms will be regulation tunics and breeches, with puttys and caps. They will be in khaki colour, special permission having been granted for this.

30 August 1916

Many soldiers and sailors, men in the prime of life, have been suddenly struck blind by shot or shell and are condemned to live in darkness for the rest of their lives. They fought for us and our sakes they lost that which many consider dearer than life itself. These soldiers are being cared for at the Blinded Soldiers and Sailors Hostel, St Dunstan's, and here are 'learning to be blind'. To secure this a large sum of money is necessary, and it is hoped that this will be augmented by profits from the sale of 'Regimental Rings', which are engraved with the crests of any regiment in the Army, including Border, Lonsdales, Yeomanry, RFA etc. Price, gold shell 2s 6d, solid gold from 12s 6d, obtainable from Thorpe's Jeweller, West Tower Street, Carlisle.

31 August 1916

Workington National Shell Factory opens this month.

01 September 1916

The secretary of the Barrow Labour Party, Bram Longstaffe, faced charges of inciting a public disturbance. He had been agitating for better pay and lodgings on behalf of munitions girls brought into Barrow from Wigan to work at Vickers. He was found guilty and sentenced to one month's imprisonment with hard labour. Upon serving his sentence he was sent to a Welsh camp as a conscientious objector. There he refused to obey any orders he believed would aid the war effort and he was subsequently sentenced to two years imprisonment in Wakefield Prison.

02 September 1916

A picnic and sports to be held at Kingstown, Carlisle, today in a field close to the school. Proceeds in aid of the wounded soldiers and Kingstown boys at the front. The Chadwick Memorial School Band will be in attendance for dancing, when handsome prizes will be given for waltzing. Admission to the field 6d each, children under 14 1d. Come and support your Comrades at the Front.

03 September 1916

DISMISSED THE SERVICE will be the fate of your knife cleaner if you don't have BROWN'S STAINLESS KNIVES. Absolutely no cleaning; simply drying. They can't rust or stain. DESSERTS 10/6 per ½ doz. TABLES 12s per ½ doz. GEO BROWN & CO., 14 & 16 Devonshire Street. ESTABLISHED EARLY LAST CENTURY.

04 September 1916

This week the Westmorland Gazette commented, the search for shirkers is proceeding briskly in town as well as in country - in places as big as Leeds, Birmingham and Manchester, in places as nondescript as Carlisle and as inoffensive as Kendal. In some instances the police pursue their search by means of domiciliary visits. Elsewhere they raid boxing clubs, football grounds and cinemas, where suspected men are required to produce evidence of age and other particulars. At Carlisle on Saturday, for example, the round up led to the detention of "several hundreds" who, being without satisfactory papers, were conveyed to the Castle to await investigation. At Leeds between two and three hundred men were taken into custody for similar reasons. Most of them succeeded in satisfying the authorities that they had been temporarily exempted from military service. Those who were unable to do this were taken before magistrates, charged with failing to report themselves for service, fined and ordered to await escort. It is possible that some men who ought to be in the ranks will escape even this profound process of combing. But the fact that the combing has become profound is in itself proof that the need for men has not lessened, and that there is no intention at headquarters to let any of those who are liable get out of their liability by active cunning or passive neglect.

05 September 1916

A cigarette case which recently saved the life of Private David Martin, Aspatria, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, whilst in France, has been on view in Wigton in the window of Mr McMechan, bookseller. The bullet is still embedded in the case.

06 September 1916

The boys of St. Bees School have had two days added to their summer holiday at the request of Lieutenant Robinson. V.C., who was for five years at the school before proceeding to Sandhurst.

07 September 1916

BELGIAN MINER FINED FOR ASSAULT. At Whitehaven on Thursday, Louis Laermaus was fined 10s… or a month's imprisonment for assaulting Ernest Deintte. The men are both Belgian coalminers and the allegation was that defendant went into the complainants house at Alabaster Cottages and struck him on the neck with his fist and that when complainant put up his hand to protect himself he was cut with a knife. The defence was a complete denial of the charge.

08 September 1916

CAKES FOR SOLDIER FRIENDS. Men at the front often write that a good home-made cake is the gladdest gift they can get. It makes up for lack of variety in army fare. How to send cakes. To send a cake, get an old tin box for it - an old biscuit box for instance. Wrap the box in brown paper, and address it (of course in ink) exactly as you address a letter. Write on the brown paper, not on a tied-label. Post it to France - up to 3lb, 1/- ;What cakes to send. Cakes for the Front should be light, yet keep well.

09 September 1916

ANTI-ZEPPELEIN SHADES. Get one at Brown's Iron Mongers 14 -16 Devonshire Street, Carlisle. Cheaper than blinds, 1 shilling each.

10 September 1916

Baptised at Ivegill this day William Charles French, son of Richard and Margaret Steele, of Rigg Cottage.

11 September 1916

This week it was reported that Mrs Lloyd Rayner, of Kentmere, has left with her motor car for France, having joined the French Red Cross and will be attached to a hospital in France. Her son, Gilbert Rayner, Royal Engineers, who was wounded in France in May, is convalescent and has returned to duty.

12 September 1916

This week it was reported that a self-propelled chair provided by subscribers and workers of the Cartmel War Working Party has been sent to the second Western General Hospital, Manchester.

13 September 1916

Rev. Hodgson, Wasdale Vicarage, wrote a letter to the Carlisle Journal concerning women in the National Mission. He wrote "The approaching grant of the Parliamentary franchise to women shows the spirit of the time and renders it impossible to exclude them from wider activities in the Church. At least, it would be a misfortune is able women should be driven to devote themselves to politics because the Church does not afford them a sufficient field for their spiritual energies. The Church will have need of all its resources in the constructive years after the war, and one of its richest resources is in its women." 

14 September 1916

This week Mr and Mrs Cowley, 39 Market Street, Dalton received a note from the Infantry Record Office to the effect that their son, 15918 Private James Cowley, 1st Battalion Middlesex Regiment had been missing since an engagement on August 18th [See September 15th].

15 September 1916

Mr and Mrs Cowley, 39 Market Street, Dalton received two letters today from their son, Private James Cowley, 1st Battalion Middlesex Regiment, posted in France on September 10th. Earlier in the week they had received official notification that he was reported missing in action since August 18th.

16 September 1916

A Flag Day on behalf of the Belgian Soldiers' Fund and the fund for the relief of distress in Belgium was observed on Saturday in Grange. A number of flag sellers were early astir and in the afternoon the Belgian band from Millom paraded the streets and the parade was followed by a gymnastic display by a troupe of Belgian performers. As a result of the effort over £ 30 was raised for the Belgian funds.

17 September 1916

Writing to a friend in Brampton today, Sergeant Henry Scott Riddell of the Mounted Military Police said "Get as many bets on as you can that the war will be over before Christmas. The hands of the clock are pointing to a beaten and demoralised army. We keep the flag flying that they can't pull down. What a day it will be when the boys come home. I am myself in the pink."

18 September 1916

Today at a meeting of Coniston school managers, Cannon Hemming expressed the pride of the managers at the efforts of the working party of school girls who by two efforts had been able to send about 12 guineas to the local Prisoner of War Committee. It was splendid to know the girls had thought of the suffering of our prisoners. Truly they were fulfilling the Scriptures admonition "Bear ye one another's' burdens.

19 September 1916

Sergeant J.T. Barton of Holme, who was reported missing in last week's Westmorland Gazette enlisted in January 1915, in the Irish King's Liverpool Regiment. He is officially reported as missing from August 8th. His wife, who lives at Primrose Bank, Holme, received a letter from him dated August 7th, in which he stated that he had been fighting during the advance from July 1st, and he was going into action the same night again, so that before morning it would be death or glory for them. He had up to then 15 months fighting, without a scratch. The official report says it is quite possible that Sergeant Barton has been taken prisoner. Mrs Barton would be grateful for any news of her husband.

20 September 1916

A women's Pilgrimage of Prayer through the two counties commenced at Armathwaite today. The following circular was issued to the villagers "A few women with the permission of the Bishop of the Diocese and your Vicar are coming to your Parish on a Pilgrimage of Prayer. This means by that Prayer and short talks we shall try and learn together more about the Saviour. We need to do so at this time of national anxiety and danger. The Pilgrims will ask for humble lodgings for two nights. They ask that they may be invited to the very simplest meals in the cottages". The Pilgrims will, on leaving Armathwaite, visit Lazonby, Addingham, Little Salkeld, Hesket, Calthwaite, Southwaite, Aiket Gate, Ivegill, Raughton Head, Sebergham, Wreay and other parts of the two counties.

21 September 1916

Yesterday being 'Jack Cornwell's Day' £ 1.6s 8d was collected from the children and teachers in aid of wounded soldiers and mariners [Burgh by Sands School Log Book, head Mr William H.Bell. Jack Cornwell, aged 16, was killed at the Battle of Jutland. He was awarded the Victoria Cross].

22 September 1916

This week a number of postcards have been received from soldiers in Egypt thanking the children of the Finsthwaite School for gifts. One of them contains an admirably executed sketch in colour of a soldier with a lighted cigar (one of the gifts) in his mouth standing tip-toe on the top of a Pyramid, with the words "See how tall they make you feel" written underneath.

23 September 1916

Holidays at Messrs Vickers, Barrow, Naval Construction Works. The Ministry of Munitions and the Admiralty have approved of these works closing from 12 noon on Saturday September 23rd, until Monday October 2nd at 6 am. Workpeople are requested not to absent themselves prior to the commencement of the holiday period, and also to make prompt resumption after the works re-open. Anyone requested to work during the holiday period will be expected to do so, for which extra payment will be made in accordance with the holiday arrangements.

24 September 1916

ROYAL NAVAL AIR SERVICE R.N. Seaplane Station, HILLS OF OAKS, WINDERMERE. The Men of this Station appeal to any kind lady or gentleman for the Loan or Gift of a Billiard Table, or any Musical Instrument, or Literature for their use during the winter months. Communications should be addressed to H. Moore, L.M.

25 September 1916

This week's Wigton Advertiser contained a detailed description of the British Armies new trench helmets. It said it will surprise most people to learn that there are no fewer than 64 distinct operations necessary in turning out one of the plain steel helmets worn by all French soldiers and by many of the British Troops. The first step is stamping out discs from large sheets of steel. A special machine is used for this purpose, exerting a pressure of 150 tonnes and capable of cutting out 5,000 steel discs a day. Each disc is placed under a shaping machine, which presses the discs into the form of a helmet with a broad rim. Polishing and cutting machines remove all irregularities in the helmet, after which it has holes punched in the crown, some for ventilation purposes, and others for fastening on the regimental crest. Each helmet is cleaned and dipped in a special mixture, which makes it a dull, inconspicuous blueish grey. A lining and leather chin strap are then fastened on, and the helmet is complete. Since the French Army has been protected with the helmets, the number of deaths due to wounds in the head has decreased to a remarkable extent.

26 September 1916

Special Designs for Funeral Cards for Soldiers. "Gazette" Office, Kendal.

27 September 1916

This week Mr Collins, at a Cockermouth Urban Council meeting, stated, that about a thousand men had been called away from the town by the War.

28 September 1916

At Ulverston Police Court, on Thursday, thirty-five persons were summoned for failing to put up lists of persons of military age engaged on their premises. They included Mr F.W. Poole, solicitor and the Ulverston Urban Council, Wm. Postlethwaite, Hawkswell Farm, Lowick and Thomas Brown, Keldray Farm, Lowick. The Chairman (Col. Baldwin) said all the cases would be dismissed on payment of costs, it being pointed out in some instances that forms could not be obtained at the post-offices. If, however, people did not conform to the regulations by posting up the notices they would in future be more seriously dealt with.

29 September 1916

CARRS have just introduced "JUTLAND" a new biscuit, rich and very appetising. Per 1/- pound of about 24 biscuits. CARR & Co., Carlisle.

30 September 1916

Writing this week to his brother in law, Private Harry Dunn, of Maryport, who is in the Border Regiment, states that he is in the trenches once again. He continues 'I lost my mate last week. He was killed by a piece of shell. Billy Kelly (also from Maryport), they called him. I helped to bury him well behind the firing line. We all do the very best for our fallen heroes. Our artillery is giving them beans as I write'.

01 October 1916

Baptised this day at St Andrews Church, Penrith, Frederick William Kitchener, son of Frederick [3rd Border Regiment, formerly farm servant] and Annie Thompson.

02 October 1916

Ten thousand Gretna Munition workers commenced four days holiday today. Special trains will run to London, the South, Wales, and the Midlands, and back for the men whose homes are in those parts.

03 October 1916

The Rev JH Eastwood, pastor of the Penrith Presbyterian Church, announced to his congregation this week that he had been invited to go to France to minister to the troops under the auspices of the YMCA. He would during this week consult his church workers to take counsel as to whether it would be desirable for him to accept the invitation.

04 October 1916

West Cumberland Times. LOST War Services Badge 90537 between Mealsgate and Egremont, September 23rd. Finder return to Tuer, Wagoner, Bolton How, Holmrook. LOST, Top Set FALSE TEETH between Maryport and Ellenborough. Return to S.Burnett, 170 Main Street, Ellenborough. Finder will be rewarded.

05 October 1916

One effect of the war, consequent upon the cutting-off of German imports, is the exploitation of the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. A Birmingham mining and mineral agent who has acquired an option of the mineral rights of Lord Leconfield over an area of 24 square miles has opened out the barytes mine at Pottsgill. The demand for barytes [used in manufacturing paint, tanning leather, stiffening fustians and corduroys amongst other things] before the war was almost entirely supplied by German manufacturers.

06 October 1916

Private Dick Prickett, of Hincaster Hall,  wrote to his sister today - 'I am still kicking around, but have not had much time to write since coming here in the Somme push. Two days ago I was up in a village or on the mounds of earth and brick that had once been a village when we took it from Fritz. All at once I heard the familiar dialect, and a voice called out, 'Coom on and join the company man'. I went over to the dugout from which the sound came and found there some of the Border Regiment, so I shouted 'How's Kendal?' You should have seen them stare and after that I had quite a long chat with some of the chaps. One boy from Milnthorpe, who used to drive Dr Fuller's motor-car,  named  Wilson, told me that he was one of six who were left out of thirty-six who enlisted at Milnthorpe with him.'

07 October 1916

It was reported that Lord and Lady Lowther are passing the Autumn at Lowther Castle, and will spend the hunting season at Barleythorpe Hall, near Oakham. Lord Lonsdale has generously undertaken to hunt the Cottesmore country at his own expense until peace is restored.

08 October 1916

Private J Barry, Border Regiment, Newtown, Whitehaven, was killed in action today. His widow has lost two husbands in the war; her previous husband, Private Matthew Wilson, being killed nineteen months ago.

09 October 1916

This morning Mr Wilson Franks, of Oakbank, Whitehaven, received a wire stating his son, Lieut JN Franks, of the Border Regiment, was in hospital in Manchester. Lieut Franks, it appears, is suffering from injury to the back and extensive bruising caused by a bursting shell. He had a very narrow escape from death. He was rendered unconscious and upon removal to hospital it was found that the muscles of the back had been damaged, and he was bruised all over the body.

10 October 1916

The Whitehaven Soldiers' Memorial Committee resolved this day to pass for payment £ 23 for watches presented to Corporal Ewing DCM and Corporal McGlennon DCM.

11 October 1916

A large number of cases were heard at the County Appeals Tribunal held at the Courts, Carlisle, today. Alexander Knight, district agent for the Pearl Insurance Society, appealed for Thomas Robinson, insurance agent, Greystsone Road, Carlisle. Robinson was 33 years of age and married. Mr Knight urged that he was indispensable to him in the carrying on of the work, and that the appeal was a personal one by him. If Robinson, who was passed for garrison work abroad, was taken it would take four women to do his work. He (Mr Knight) had tried five women, and they could not stand the wear and tear of the work. He had three sons in the Army, and had encouraged his men to join the Army. He honestly felt he could not carry on without Robinson. The appeal was dismissed but the Military Representative agreed not to call Robinson up before 31st December.

12 October 1916

The below poem from Sergt T Thomlinson, 17th Lancers, appeared in this week's West Cumberland Times:

Sad wives and mothers, you have our pity, How for you we oft do pray Through the long dark nights we ponder Until comes the break of day.

We are here to fight for Homeland
For our children o'er the foam:
God guard us through this awful turmoil
Until homewards we may roam

Duty keeps us out in Flanders
Battling at the foeman's trench
Till the final day of fighting -
Victory we shall from him wrench.

13 October 1916

It was announced that Second Lieut. Francis Richard Lowry Bell, Border Regiment, killed at Albert, February 23rd has left an estate valued at 2,514 pounds.

14 October 1916

A Battle Field Scene. A correspondent in the local press wrote that after being wounded, "Made back over the shell-swept area, shells and bullets flying in all directions, to the dressing station. In my travels back from shell-hole to shell-hole, in one of these I saw two wounded soldiers, one an English Tommy, the other a German, both having a drink of water out of the same bottle, in quite a friendly way, whilst only a few hours before they would be bitter enemies. This is only one of the many instances I could relate."

15 October 1916

In a post-card to his mother in Kendal Lance-Corporal Hugh Park, of the Border Regiment who was taken prisoner at Kut, says they have had neither tea nor coffee since last Christmas, and the food is scarce and bad.

16 October 1916

At a public meeting in Dent tonight, Mr W Burton presiding, it was decided to appoint a committee for war savings, with J E Goad hon. secretary, and to take the necessary steps to promote this object in the dale.

17 October 1916

Wedding at Staveley today. Corporal Edwin Brockbank, Royal Engineers, married Alice Wilhelmina Crofts. The bride wore a brown silk dress trimmed with crepe de chine fichu. Her hat was of brown velour trimmed with autumn tints. She wore racoon fur and a gold wristlet watch, gifts of the bridegroom. The bridegroom is at present home on sick leave, after being on the Somme. The bride has been nursing wounded soldiers during the last two years.

18 October 1916

Royal Navy Submarine HMS K8 launched at Barrow. Royal Navy [Scrapped 1923].

19 October 1916

The Carlisle Watch Committee has received a letter from the Manager of the City of Carlisle Electric Tramway Company Limited, intimating that owing to the difficulty in obtaining men to drive the tramcars, the company were obliged to curtail the service, and enquiring whether the Watch Committee would be prepared to licence females as tram drivers. The Watch Committee resolved that they did not see their way to entertain the suggestion.

20 October 1916

REDMAN. In loving memory of Sergeant Major FA Redman, Hampsfield, King's Own, who died of wounds on October 20th 1916.
I do not forget him, nor do I intend
I think of him daily, and will to the end I miss him and mourn him in silence unseen And dwell on the memory of days that have been From his pal George in France [Barrow News 26.10.1918]

21 October 1916

Lance-Corpl. Teddy O'Neil, a Wigtonian, in a letter to a relative, writes: "The old Company have been doing some dirty work lately. We had all waited a long while to do the leepover the top: well, we got the chance and took it. Every man was in his glory when the order came and when we got in among the Huns we didn't forget to give them what for. In our last charge we got well away and caught the enemy napping, so you will have an idea what we were all like. I accounted for a few and no mistake about it. We took a few prisoners.'

22 October 1916

A special service for doctors, nurses and members of the Red Cross Voluntary Aid Detachment of the City and the County was held in Carlisle Cathedral today, and was largely attended. A number of wounded soldiers from local hospitals were also invited. The Dean of Salisbury preached. His sermon was a call for deeper religious devotion.

23 October 1916

Gunner W Cowman, of the Canadians, whose relatives live in the Workington district, is in hospital suffering from shell shock.

24 October 1916

MOSS, Pte. Tom A.S.C. (Motor Transport), 15 Gandy Street, Kendal, is in hospital in West Africa, suffering from malaria fever. When in Kendal he was employed by a local grocery firm as a motor delivery van driver.

25 October 1916

SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COMFORTS. We hold a large stock of KNITTING WOOLS in Khaki and other suitable shades for knitting useful Articles for our brave Soldiers and Sailors. Hosiery and Woollen Goods in great variety. ROBINSON'S Hosiery Stores, Kendal.

26 October 1916

North Lonsdale Education Committee met at Ulverston this evening. It was decided that while Mr George C Farrer, the school attendance officer for the Greenodd and Haverthwaite district, was on military duty, his father Mr John Farrer, undertake the duties.

27 October 1916

Carlisle Education Committee resolved that the Brook Street and Newtown Schools should be placed at the disposal of the Army Council for use as military hospitals, subject to the Army Council defraying any expenses incurred by the Committee in providing temporary school accommodation.

28 October 1916

The Carlisle Journal Plum Puddings for Soldiers Fund continues to make steady and satisfactory progress.  Even the poorest, therefore, by sending sixpence to the Fund can have the satisfaction of feeling that he is treating one of the boys at the front to a good, substantial helping of Christmas pudding. Contracts have been already made, and it might almost be said that some of the puddings destined for the distant posts of Mesopotamia or East Africa are already on their way.

29 October 1916

This afternoon a memorial service was held in Cowgill Parish Church for men from Howgill who have fallen in the war: Private James Mason, Private Miles Capsticks, Private Henry Wilson, and Second Lieut. Oswald Whaley, son of the late Vicar of Howgill. There was a large congregation. The service consisted of part of the ordinary evening service, part of the burial service, special prayers and sermon, which the vicar ended by saying that "Whilst we all sympathise with those who have lost their dear ones, we are all proud of our heroes." At the close of the service the organist played the death march.

30 October 1916

MEN DISCHARGED from the Army disabled etc REQUIRING EMPLOYMENT should apply to RECRUITING OFFICER 34th R.D.R.A. THE CASTLE, CARLISLE, stating kind of work.

31 October 1916

The 'DREADNOUGHT PILL' is Duncan's Sure Cure Kidney and Liver Pill. A beautifully balanced compound of Liver Invigorators and antiseptic duretics and solvents, forming an effective remedy for all Liver and Kidney complaints, including backache, Lumbago, Gravel, Irregular Periods, and all female complaints. In boxes,  2s 9d size 2s 3d; 6 boxes for 12 s. John Hunter, Chemist (Medallist), 17 and 19 Bank Street, Carlisle.

01 November 1916

A concert party held at Cartmel this week to provide Christmas parcels for locals boys at the Front, produced about £ 8.

02 November 1916

Thirty-five wounded soldiers arrived at the Kendal V. A. D. this evening.

03 November 1916

John Hall, farmer of Rosley notes in his diary today: The Great War still continues and no signs of an end, they are still wanting more and more men.

04 November 1916

It was reported that Lieutenant William Ranger, master at Millom Secondary School, has arrived home at Dalton in Furness, after having been seriously wounded in the leg.

05 November 1916

Lieutenant WS Glegg, King's Own Rifles, whose death is reported, was one of the best all around athletes St Bees Grammar School has produced. He was killed on his way to the dressing station after he had been wounded. He was nineteen and was the third son of the late Mr AT Glegg, Sheriff - Substitute of Lanarkshire. His brother, Captain AL Glegg, was killed in action last year.

06 November 1916

Private Joseph Harker, late of the Border Regiment, and Miss Florence Hewson of Hove have married. Private Harker is a native of Blennerhasset, and at the age of 21 was totally blinded, his left arm was shattered, and his life endangered by poison gas. Miss Hewson visited the Convalescent Hostel at Brighton for the purpose of taking the blind soldiers out, and the bride and groom thus met about a year ago. The wedding was attended by several blind soldiers from the Home and many people who were keenly interested in the unusual ceremony.

07 November 1916

Ellen Routledge, munition worker, was charged with stealing a stick of cordite, value 1s, on November 7th. It was stated that Ellen Routledge was being searched on leaving the Gretna munitions work when a piece of cordite was found hidden in the top of her stocking by one of the women policewomen. In the ensuing court case the prosecutor said that it was very undesirable that an article made by secret process should be taken from the compound and it may possibly get into the hands of the enemy.

08 November 1916

The current issue of the Westmorland Gazette carries the following plea MISSING. Atkinson, Pte H, King's Own Y.L.I., has been missing since July 1st. His mother would be pleased to hear any news of him.

09 November 1916

A poem by Private Little of the Border Regiment appeared in the local press.
MY STEEL HAT
On the March
It on my forehead heavy lies,
It brings the tears into my eyes,
It fetches from me groans and sighs -
                        My Tin Hat
In Camp
It forms for me a comfy seat,
It makes for me a wash bowl neat,
It holds my rations just a treat -
                        My Tin Hat
In the Trenches
It guards the splinters from my head,
Full many a knock it takes instead,
A goodly halo round my spread
                        My Tin Hat
So I will praise thee as I should,
For thou my friend has often stood,
Thou art a comrade staunch and good -
                        My Tin Hat

10 November 1916

Gilcrux, a supper and dance will be held in the schoolroom, Gilcrux this evening. Admission, Ladies: 1s 6d, Gentleman: 2 shillings (including knife and fork supper). Dancing to commence at 8pm. Proceeds in aid of the Local Soldiers.

11 November 1916

ABOVE-DERWENT NEWSLETTER Martinmas 1916 The necessity of postponing pleasure and unnecessary expenditure until after the War, was forcibly brought home to us all the other day by a Lecturer, sent down specially for the purpose, by the War Savings Association. Mrs. Richardson, the lecturer, convinced us of the absolute necessity to husband our resources, and put all our savings into Government Loans, so that our country may be enabled to keep up a lively fire of shot and shell into enemy lines.

12 November 1916

This week it was said that 2,000 men are serving with the Army from Kendal. It has been decided to send each man a Christmas parcel and it is estimated that close to £ 300 will be required for this purpose.

13 November 1916

Since last May the Patriotic Working Party for Low Bentham have knitted and made 124 articles, including 86 pairs of socks, which have been  distributed. Each local man who has recently joined the colours has had a parcel of comforts given him. Many letters have been received from the boys appreciating the comforts.

14 November 1916

The local newspaper reported "The facts are as simple as they are tragic. The losses reported in the British Army from the beginning of July until the end of October - four months - numbered 21,538 officers and 391,218 men; that is a total considerably more than 400,000, or an average of 100,000 a month. Those losses must steadily and promptly be made good… We must either find the men to keep up their effective strength, or say that we are not able to do it - it could be shameful as well as false."

15 November 1916

At this week's Wigton Military tribunal, Arthur W. Jennings, appeared on behalf of John Barker. He said, Mr Barker, aged 36, was married, and had six children. Mr Lancaster for the tribunal said 'That's enough. Conditional discharge granted'.

16 November 1916

At today's Workington Military tribunal a produce merchant and proprietor applied for the exemption for a foreman horseman, aged 36, married, who after been twice medically rejected, had eventually been passed for B1 - Garrison duty abroad. Applicants stated that the man had a bad knee and a bad shoulder, and could not get up when he sat down. The application for exemption was refused.

17 November 1916

John Baxter, munition worker, Close Street, Carlisle, was charged at Longtown Police Court with smoking within a prohibited area [Gretna Munitions works] on November 17th.

18 November 1916

Royal Navy Submarine HMS K3 launched at Barrow.  [Scrapped 1926].

19 November 1916

Private Page, of the Middlesex Regiment, died today at the Stramongate VAD Hospital, Kendal. He belonged to London and came to Kendal with the last convoy but one, being grievously wounded. His funeral will take place at the Cemetery on Wednesday 22nd. The farewell volley will be discharged over the grave by a firing party from Barrow and a bugler will play the 'Last Post'.

20 November 1916

The Palace Cinema, Aspatria, 'The Battle of the Somme'. Don't fail to see this great picture.

21 November 1916

Miss Lilian Hall, of Keswick was amongst survivors when HM hospital ship Britannic was sunk in the Aegean by U73 today. There were78 casualties but nurse Hall survived. There were no wounded aboard the ship The Britannic the local papers afterwards noted was the sister ship of the Titanic.

22 November 1916

At the meeting held in Kendal Town Hall it was decided that instead of the usual Christmas parcel, a sum of money and a Christmas card conveying the best wishes from all in Kendal should be sent to each Kendal soldier serving in HM forces.

23 November 1916

RED CROSS WORKERS And Their Requirements. The one great essential in all Red Cross requisites, such as Nurses' Aprons and Dress Ginghams, is quality. Nothing but the best is good enough to withstand the heavy strain of constant washing, and by 'the best' we do not mean the most expensive. We have ample stocks of Aprons, Sleeves, Collars, Belts and Dress Materials and can supply EVERYTHING FOR THE HOSPITAL NURSE. W Wright and Son, Highmore House, Carlisle.

24 November 1916

Mrs Howitt absent, received news of the death of a brother, killed in France. Note from Botcherby [Carlisle] school log book.

25 November 1916

Cruiser HMS Cassandra launched at Barrow. Royal Navy [Sunk 1918].

26 November 1916

This evening an impressive service was held in St. Pauls Church, Seaton, in memory of William Thompson, AB, RND., who was killed in action in France on November 7th. During the service, the organist played 'Blessed are the departed' and as a recessional 'O Rest in the Lord'. Reverend Bennett officiated, and preached a touching sermon.

27 November 1916

This evening at 8pm WOMEN WORKERS for WAR WORK. All unoccupied women are invited to attend a Women's Meeting to be held at the Queen's Hall, Carlisle. An appeal will be made for WOMEN WORKERS for MUNITIONS, and full information given as to the nature and conditions of the work open to them. Chairman - HIS WORSHIP THE MAYOR.

28 November 1916

According to a notice from the competent military authority, produced at the meeting of the Kendal Board of Guardians this evening, it is not permissible now to ring the big bell at the workhouse during the hours of darkness, lest it should be heard on board a Zeppelin.

29 November 1916

There were complaints about the quality of the beer sold in Carlisle, and the General Manager responded that since the Government Board had taken possession of the breweries the beer manufactured had been exactly the same in strength and quality as that which was brewed before the Board came to Carlisle.

30 November 1916

John Hall, farmer of Rosley notes in his diary today: "The Germans have sunk a big lot of our ships and things get dearer and dearer."

01 December 1916

Private Christmas Cards. Suitable Messages to Cheer the Boys. Series includes the Regimental Crests of all the best known Regiments. Brash Brothers Ltd, Station Street, Cockermouth.

02 December 1916

A few weeks ago Miss D Atkinson, Musgrave Street, Penrith, made some stockings and other articles for the soldiers and put her name and address on them. They were sent to France along with many thousands of other packages from all parts of the kingdom, but a curious chance caused them to be given in the trenches to a young soldier of the same name as the donor, and before the war living within a minute's walk of her house. The lucky man was Private A.Atkinson, York Street .

03 December 1916

Lost today between Ellenborough, Maryport and Station, LOCKET, containing photo., late brother (soldier) - Finder rewarded, returning Udall's, Crown Inn, Maryport.

04 December 1916

Keswick lads reported missing; the greatest anxiety is felt in Keswick since the weekend, when reports were going that several lads were missing. Mrs Towers, of Heads Lane, has had a postcard from Corporal Gibson telling her that her son, Private Morris Towers, Border Regiment, is missing. After an attack, when the roll was called, he failed to answer, and though enquiries have been made, he has still not been discovered. Sergeant Usher, of the same regiment, is also reported missing, and his family have not been able to get any reliable news up to the present. Private Welsh is also reported missing. Official information has been eagerly looked for.

05 December 1916

NOTICE. The sending of the 'Journal' to Neutral Countries. The 'Carlisle Journal' holds the permit of the War Office to transmit newspapers to all neutral countries; also to Prisoners of War interned in enemy countries. The 'Journal' will be dispatched to anyone in a neutral country on payment of 2/6 per quarter for Friday's 'Journal', or 5/- per quarter for Tuesday's and Friday's 'Journal'. To Prisoners of War the charge will be 1/3 per quarter  for Friday's 'Journal' and 2/6 per quarter for Tuesday's and Friday's 'Journal'

06 December 1916

At the Shap Military Tribunal this week, Mr Douthwaite presiding. A farmer and coal dealer aged 31, repeated his application for exemption. He said his brother was inexperienced, and his father was not strong enough to do outside work in bad weather. Mr Slack said it was not in the national interest that applicant should remain in civil life. Claims for financial loss were being dealt with most generously. Given till June 5th.

07 December 1916

Official notification from the War Office has been received by Mrs Timmins, Main Street, Distington, that her husband, Private Morrison Timmins, Border Regiment, who has been missing since July 1st 1916, died on that date. Private Timmins joined the Army about eighteen months ago, and had been in France about 9 months. He is the son of Mr Jacob Timmins, fruiterer, Distington. Before enlisting he was employed at Otlands Colliery as a collier. He leaves a widow and four children to mourn his loss.

08 December 1916

At the Wigton County Tribunal today forty cases were down for hearing. The cases related mostly to agriculturalists, and in one instance it was stated that if a man was taken the appellant could not plough his lea. That appeal was dismissed. Apparently the most important man before the court was not a cultivator of the soil, but a molecatcher. It was said that it had taken him twenty years to get the land clean, and he was a most useful man. The military appeal against exemption was dismissed.

09 December 1916

Richard Schwabe of Lowry Hill, Carlisle, advertises in the newspaper that he has legally changed his name to Richard Sinclair.

10 December 1916

The 'Chemico' Fabric Body Shield. Non Metallic, Fully Antiseptic.  If you have a soldier fighting in France this is most important to you. Bayonet thrusts; no bayonet, lance or sword can penetrate the protective material. Points of Superiority. It stops the bullet, metal shields merely deflect them. Single shield (Two and a half pounds weight) £ 1.7s 6d. At Anderson's. 121 Stricklandgate, Kendal.

11 December 1916

Writing to Mrs Jones, infirmary Road, Workington, Lieutenant Hamilton said 'I regret I am unable to give you any information concerning your son, RH Jones. In an attack on October 8th, a number of our boys were cut off; some of them may have been taken prisoner. The boys said he was wounded, but I couldn't find anyone who saw him after he was wounded. He was very popular amongst the boys of the Company, and he was a good soldier'.

12 December 1916

Two very successful concerts were held in Kendal Town Hall by a distinguished party of Belgian artistes in aid of the British Society for the relief of Belgian wounded soldiers.

13 December 1916

A Roll of Honour, presented to the villagers of Torpenhow by Lady Gillford, was dedicated in the village near the Post Office this week. The service was conducted by the Vicar. The memorial consists of a shrine with a movable front, containing the Roll of Honour, and fitted with vases intended to hold flowers, and it is anticipated that the friends of men at the front will keep the vases filled. The names on the Roll have been inscribed in Old English letters by Mr Dewar, headmaster of Bothel School.

14 December 1916

At the Ulverston Rural District Council meeting today, Councillor WR Nash presided. In regard to the call for the services of roadmen behind the lines in France, Coun. Altham moved 'that the services of any man between the ages of 41 and 50 employed on the highways who without satisfactory reason refuses to respond to the call for men to form the brigade for the repair of the roads behind the British lines in France be terminated, and for such purposes the Finance Committee be the tribunal to hear appeals'. After discussion this was defeated by eight votes to three. Altham moved another amendment that in the case of roadmen who failed to volunteer for service in France the war bonus be withdrawn. What did the council care about its roads in view of the requirements of the forces? Coun. Wilson Butler said this was still a free country. This amendment was defeated by six votes to four.

15 December 1916

Xmas presents. The men on active service will have first place in our thoughts this Christmas. WATERPROOF KHAKI AIR PILLOWS and case 4s 6d and 5s 3d each. Measures open 15x12 or 18X13 and folded 4x5 inches. RH Barker and Co, Chemists, Windermere.

16 December 1916

OFFICERS ON ACTIVE SERVICE. Your Burberry cleaned and proofed, FREE. Lucas and Cussons, Lowther Street, Whitehaven.

17 December 1916

This week it was reported that the body of Sergeant Harry Newman, lately in the service of Mr Tweddle, Devonshire Street, Carlisle, has been found on the ground on which he fell on July 1st. Writing to Miss Newman, the Rev AJW Crosse says:
'I have at last been able to come back to the place where our lads fell on July 1st.  It is still shelled almost everyday by the Germans but I have been able to find many bodies and bury them. Among them is your dear brother. I laid him out to rest in a special cemetery which I am making on the spot where the great action took place. On one side of him lies Sergeant-Major Payne and on the other Corporal G Fawkes. Twenty soldiers were present at the funeral service. I shall not leave the place until I have made 'The -----------Cemetery' one of the best in this land. I am sending with this letter a few cards and photographs from his pockets'.

18 December 1916

GRASP YOUR CHANCES GIRLS! Become short-hand typists and book-keepers. Look ahead and learn  ESPERANTO - the easy Universal Language. No commercial correspondent will be equipped without it after the war. Write or call for terms and list of good appointments recently secured by my pupils. HB Moore, FIPS, 21 Gray Street, Workington.

19 December 1916

The sister of Private W Hogarth, Border Regiment, a Keswick man, has had a letter from the Chaplain of the battalion, who says:
'I have just found the body of your brother, and have buried him with all honours, among many of his comrades in a cemetery which I have made on the spot where our brave lads fell. It will be called the Lonsdale Cemetery. His last resting place will be lovingly cared for. We cannot do too much for the brave lads who have died for us'.

20 December 1916

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR of the West Cumberland Times. Soldiers' Letters. Dear Sir, much uncertainty seems to prevail in our neighbourhood, re delivery of soldier' letters now in the Balkans, especially the lads of the Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry, who left here about three months ago. I have a son amongst them, and although letters have been sent to him every week up until now, he has not received any. There are others I find similarly situated, and knowing that there were Cockermouth lads amongst them, I would be obliged if any of your readers could give me any information. Considerable anxiety is now being felt at the fate of their Christmas parcels. Yours faithfully. JAMES ELLWOOD, School House, Reagill, Shap. Dec 20th 1916.

21 December 1916

The Cummersdale school children had their usual Christmas tea today. The children unanimously decided to forego the presents which Mr and Mrs Stead usually gave them and to give the money which the presents would have cost to St Dunstan's Hostel for Blinded Soldiers and Sailors. This money has been sent to the Treasurer of the Hostel by Mr Ridley, the schoolmaster, as a donation from the Cummersdale school children.

 

22 December 1916

At the recent meeting of the Wigton Board of Guardians Mr Strong drew attention to the case of a man named James Donoghue who had contracted consumption in the trenches, has been discharged from the Army, and was now in the Workhouse. He said it was a great shame, but agreed that it was probably the best place for him at present. The man had a wife and three children, and if some kind friends had not come in at the right time they would have been left to starve. The man had only got a pension of 4s 8d a week from the State, and this had been stopped when he came to Wigton about five weeks ago. If these people had to be looked on in this way it was a great slur on the State to allow them to drift into the Workhouse.  The man had been badly gassed at Armentieres. He had a brother killed at Loos, another badly wounded and discharged, another had lost a leg, and still another was in France.

23 December 1916

Bombardier John McKenzie of Longtown was buried in Arthuret Church, Longtown, today with military honours. He was severely wounded on the Somme a short time ago and died in Frensham Military Hospital, Surrey, last Monday. Much sympathy is extended to his parents Mr and Mrs McKenzie in their sad bereavement, as Bombardier McKenzie was the last survivor of their three sons who have laid down their lives in the present war. Their youngest son, Malcolm, of the RFA was wounded in July 1915 and died at the Base Hospital, Boulogne. William the eldest was killed in action with the Border Regiment on July 5th this year.

24 December 1916

A service today was held at Arlecdon Church in memory of Private Albert Bland of Winder. The Rev HH Parker, in his sermon, said that Private Bland was wounded in July. Since then he had lingered between life and death, and early last week the end came.  On Friday his remains were interred in their churchyard. It was within recent years that both his parents had died whilst comparatively young, and Albert bravely undertook to keep the home together, but his self-sacrificing bravery led him to offer his service to his King and Country.

25 December 1916

The 21 patients at the Englethwaite Auxiliary Military Hospital spent a pleasant time on Christmas Day. After attending church at Cotehill the men were entertained at dinner, and afterwards, by the invitation of Dr and Mrs Murray, the afternoon was spent at Eden Brows, where the men partook of tea. The hospital was beautifully decorated; an interesting feature being roses of different shades made by Private Wenn, Cambridge Regiment, who with others is very proficient on fancy needlework. Gifts of all kinds have flowed in from many quarters, and the Commandant, Miss Ida C Kentish, is grateful for them.

26 December 1916

Today, Boxing Day, the Holme Patriotic Committee entertained to tea all the soldiers' wives, mothers and children belonging to the village, numbering close upon 100. An excellent tea was served and afterwards games etc were indulged in by the children, the music being supplied by Miss Burtholme. A huge Christmas tree contained a present for each soldier's child, distributed by Father Christmas (Miss Burtholme). The chairman was Mr RM Deighton.

27 December 1916

Royal Navy Submarine HMS K10 launched at Barrow. [Scrapped 1921]

28 December 1916

This evening Sergeant Joseph Skerry, of the Border Regiment,  who recently won the Military Medal in France, had a great reception at a public meeting in the Endowed Schoolroom, Great Broughton, when he was presented with a gold watch and a wallet of notes of the combined value of £ 50, the gift of the Cumberland Miners Association.

29 December 1916

Today the Carlisle Journal's Ladies column said It seems certain that our rulers will impose meat abstinence one day in each week; not a very great hardship in itself, but to reconcile many families to the change those who cater for them must acquire more knowledge of meatless cookery than a majority seem to possess. Hitherto no very great attention has been paid to this branch of cookery.

30 December 1916

Nurse Florence Irving, daughter of Mr J Irving, East View, Greenhead, who was a survivor from the hospital ship Britannic [sunk 21st November by submarine], is home on leave. One of her most valuable possessions is the life-belt which she put on when the ship was sinking.

31 December 1916

The number of eggs received for the wounded in December by Mr William Fleming at Penrith and Shap was 1,013. All these were supplied to the local hospitals.

01 January 1917

It is stated that Mrs Preston, of Grasmere, who liberated her workmen in the early days of the war, and has since brought her own coals daily from Windermere, has during the year 1916, covered in this way 6,136 miles.

02 January 1917

This week the Westmorland Gazette carried the following advert:
Mr Michael Hodgson begs to inform the numerous friends and customers of the firm of Messrs MB Hodgson & Son that during his absence on Military Service the Business WILL BE CARRIED ON as usual, in his absence, by the remaining Partner, Mr HAROLD HODGSON, with any assistance he may find necessary. All Orders sent to the Offices at Witherslack, Grange-over-Sands, or Highgate, Kendal, will have careful and personal attention.

03 January 1917

The Rev CGT Sale Pennington who is to take over the living of Kirkby Stephen is a cousin of General Neville, the victor of Verdun, whose mother was a sister of Mr Pennington's father. General Neville recently succeeded General Joffre as France's Generalissimo.

 

04 January 1917

A supper and concert on behalf of the comforts fund for Crosby Villa's men serving with the forces was well patronised. The total amount realised was £ 10.15s, from which, after paying expenses, some twenty local soldiers are to receive parcels.

05 January 1917

Well done Walter! Walter Cox, a Wigton Nelson School boy, has between 5th January 1916 and 5th January 1917, collected 3,218 eggs  for the National Egg Collection for Wounded Soldiers.

06 January 1917

A Kendal man, a private in the Machine Gun Corps, with the Salonika Force, writing to his father says 'I dare say you have read about the Invernia going down. Well I knew about it, because I was on it. I was saved after being knocked about in a swamped boat for three hours, and all my belongings were lost. I am now, January 6th, on an island somewhere in the Mediterranean, living in a sort of Robinson Crusoe fashion; but anything will do for me now.'

07 January 1917

Mr John Bowe, a former Minneapolis commission merchant, who went to France early in the war and volunteered to serve in the Foreign Legion, has been decorated with the War Cross. He was the eldest son of the late William Bowe of Bewaldeth, was born at Bassenthwaite, and went to America in 1887.

08 January 1917

An inquest was held at Flimby Lodge on the body of Margaret Gibson, wife of Joseph Gibson, a signalman on the London and North Western Railway, living at Barepot. The body was found lying about 50 yards below high water mark on the Flimby shore. The deceased's husband said his wife had been fretting over the loss of their eldest son who was killed in action in July. She never believed that he was dead, but that he would return at the end of the year. She had been further upset by letters from the War Office stating that her son William had gone down, but they had no son of that name. Another letter said that their son Thomas had gone down, but he was at home, not being of military age.

09 January 1917

Miss Constance Little, youngest daughter of Mr W Little, Hutton Hall, Penrith, was amongst the large number of nurses mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig's despatch for meritorious service. Miss Little was a member of the Penrith Ladies' VAD and soon after war broke out she went to London for special training, afterwards being sent to France.

10 January 1917

This week the local press printed a list of the 170 members of the Border Regiment officially reported as prisoners of war in Germany to whom food parcels are being regularly sent by the Carlisle Citizens League.

11 January 1917

Married at Saint Mary's Church, Carlisle, George Stanley Atkinson, musician, aged 20, to Alice Anne Bowman, munitions worker, aged 21.

A Mrs Arends of Arlecdon became chargeable to Whitehaven Poor Law Union. She was the wife of a German sailor interred at Knockaloe in the Isle of Man.

12 January 1917

The Munition Girl's Bicycle is Jepson's 'Identical' Model. It is a no-trouble bicycle at a popular price, built by competent cycle mechanics. RL Jepson Ltd Top of Finkle Street, Kendal.

13 January 1917

Cavendish Dock, Barrow. Company Sergeant Major Henry Lynch died today after being shot in a guardroom with a service rifle by another soldier, Private Thomas Clinton. There was no evidence of a motive.

14 January 1917

Married this week at St James Tebay, Mr John J Stephenson and Miss Dora A Young, both of Tebay. The vicar officiated. The bride wore a white voile dress and a veil and orange blossom, and was given away by her father.  Miss A Young, sister of the bride, and Miss A Stephenson, sister of the bridegroom, were the bridesmaids, and were dressed in amethyst voile, trimmed with skunk furs, and wore black picture hats. Sergeant R W Young, Northumberland Fusiliers, brother of the bride, undertook the duties of best man.

15 January 1917

Today was published the names of Border Regiment soldiers who are officially listed as missing. The list contains the name of 205 Border men.

16 January 1917

At this week's Tribunal for the West Ward of Westmorland, Mr R W Armstrong, proprietor of the Clifton training stables, applied for exemption of two jockeys; William Crisp and George Whewell. Mrs Armstrong, who appeared on her husband's behalf, said that already 26 lads had entered the army. They had just sent 31 horses and 11 lads to Ireland, to where the training stables are being transferred. Mr Wood (Agricultural representative); It seems strange you should be lenient with horse-racing and hard on farming. It was decided to exempt Crisp until June 5th and refuse Whewell. Mrs Armstrong said Whewell was so small that she was afraid he'd have to have help over the parapet (Laughter). Major Smith; We will put him in a tank (Laughter).

17 January 1917

At the Carlisle Tribunal today Dr Adams appealed for his chauffeur, John MacIntosh, aged 20, single. He said that the doctors in Carlisle were very hard pressed and it was essential to get about quickly. He was asked by the Tribunal if he had tried a female chauffeur. Dr Adams replied 'No, I would not care to try one in the bye-streets that I have to go into'. Major Fryers for the Tribunal asked 'Are you aware that the Mayor's motor car is driven by a lady?' The Tribunal granted MacIntosh conditional exemption.

18 January 1917

Whitehaven Market. Shortly after nine o'clock this morning a bellman announced at almost every street end that potato buyers should not pay more than one shilling per stone. As soon as the potato carts arrived extraordinary scenes were witnessed. In Duke Street there were three cartloads, and the owners were asking from 1s 10d and 2s per stone for the potatoes. A large number of women had congregated all carrying baskets or bags and all indignantly refused to pay the price asked by the farmers for the potatoes and ultimately two of the carts were taken away, while the other cart of potatoes was disposed of at one shilling per stone, the seller being literally besieged by the women who clamoured to be served.

19 January 1917

Kendal Police Court: Robert William Foster (22), farm servant, of Maryport, was charged with being an absentee without leave from the Border Regiment. PC Platt said he found the defendant in Stramongate at 2:15 that morning, and in reply to questions Foster said he had been enlisted at Carlisle last week and had torn his papers up. He had been hanging about the railway station ever since Friday, when he should have presented himself. A corporal from the Drill Hall gave evidence that defendant's papers were in order, and Foster was thereupon handed over to the military.

20 January 1917

ABOVE-DERWENT NEWSLETTER January 1917: Christmas Parcels. Boys of the Above-Derwent. In my last letter to you I said that you were always in our thoughts, and now with the aid of the Above-Derwent War Fund Committee, for whom I act as treasurer, we have been able to put our thoughts in a practical form by sending you each a Christmas parcel. One hundred and fourteen parcels were sent at a total cost of £ 36. They were posted to East Africa, Burma, India, Salonika, Malta, France and Blighty. The parcels contained the following:- 114 tablets of Pears soap, 120 boxes of oxo tablets, 228 khaki handkerchiefs, 28lb of peppermints, 114 lead pencils, 128 pairs of socks, 12 mufflers, and 3,600 cigarettes (not woodbines). S. Shepherd

21 January 1917

Baptised this day at Brougham St Ninian's and St Wilfred, George Joffre, son of Joseph and Lizzie Jaques.

22 January 1917

'This is the trouble we school attendance officers have at the present time', remarked Mr Marshall, in prosecuting a number of parents at the Carlisle Police Court today for not sending their children to school. 'Everybody, including the mother, is working on munitions and the children are left to look after themselves'. Mr Marshall added that big wages were the attraction. The Mayor asked ' How do the children get their meals?' Mr Marshall 'They do the best they can. At dinner time they go into the house and get a piece of bread and butter and some tea.' Fines of 2s 6d were imposed.

23 January 1917

In a letter of thanks to Mrs Waite, Secretary to the Bassenthwaite Needlework Committee, Private James William Holt wrote:
The trenches where we are now are very bad. They were captured from 'Fritz' not long ago, and have not got properly rebuilt yet. The bad weather has made things much worse, for the poor beggars in the trenches are standing in deep water and mud. As much as possible is done for them by sending dry socks and boots up. I hear our lads discovered and old dug-out yesterday with about two hundred dead Germans in it. They had their gas helmets on, and some of them were sitting around a table and had been playing carts evidently.

24 January 1917

At Barrow, Sergeant Thexton was publicly presented with the Military Medal by Colonel Harkness. The Sergeant, who was in the Yeomanry, won his distinction for valour at Loos, where he took charge of a machine-gun when the officer became a casualty. Thexton, who is a native of Barrow, now resides at Workington. He has served fifteen and a half years in the Army, and his time has expired. He married Miss Bleasdale, daughter of Mrs Bleasdale, Challoner Street, Cockermouth.

25 January 1917

Today a meeting was held at Warton to consider the desirability of forming a war savings association. Mr R Unsworth presided, and there were upwards of 30 persons present. It was resolved to form an association and that the vicar, the Rev EWA Ogilvy, be chairman. Miss Heaton (schoolmistress) was elected secretary, and Miss G Ogilvy was elected treasurer, with a committee.

26 January 1917

REGIMENTAL BADGE BROOCHES. Silver on Mother-of Pearl 2/6 each. Dalgleish, Under the Town Hall and 55 Scotch Street, Carlisle.

27 January 1917

Rapid strides are being made with the provision of accommodation in Carlisle for women workers, and over 200 girls are now in occupation  of the Eden Bridge Hostel in Hardwicke Circus. Further accommodation for girl workers will shortly be available in the Great Central Hotel and the Carlisle Central Conservative Club on the Viaduct, both of which have been commandeered by the authorities.

28 January 1917

Christened this day at Ivegill, Ernest Festubert son of Ernest (soldier) and Gertrude Brown. [The battle of Festubert was the British attack around Artois.]

29 January 1917

Hayton House Hospital. To the Editor of the Carlisle Journal. Sir - May I venture through the medium of your newspaper to appeal to the generosity of the landowners and farmers of this district for the gift of potatoes for the soldiers in my hospital, We are very short of potatoes, and are experiencing great difficulty in obtaining anything like an adequate supply. I may say that I shall be most grateful to those kind friends who are willing to give even a small quantity and hope they will communicate with me direct, so that I can arrange to fetch the potatoes. Marjorie Lamb, Commandant, Hayton House Hospital, January 29th, 1917.

30 January 1917

At the annual meeting of the Cumberland Miners' Association this week it was decided to petition the Government to suspend the drink traffic during the war and for six months afterwards. The meeting emphatically protested against the increase in railway fares and called for their restoration to the normal prices.

31 January 1917

John Hall, farmer of Rosley notes in his diary today:
This wretched war drags along without any signs of a finish, we are threatened with signs of famine in the future owing to the large number of ships sunk by the enemy's submarines. We are being told by the government to [produce] more and more..potatoes and owing to the scarcity of labour this will be no easy matter.

01 February 1917

ABOVE-DERWENT NEWSLETTER February 1917: Lingholme, the residence of Lord Rochdale, is now being converted into a hospital for wounded soldiers, and an energetic V. A. D. Committee is hard at work. The young ladies, who are qualified to assist with nursing, are simply agog with excitement. Wouldn't we like to be a wounded soldier at Lingholme!

02 February 1917

In the annual report of the Whitehaven's Working Men's Institution it is stated that during the year the number of members with the colours has increased from 48 to 68 and four have lost their lives, viz, Private Joseph Callow, Lance-Corporal Henry Elliott, Private Felix McGuinness and Private Edward Gribbin. An old member, Sergeant Isaac Eccles, received the Military Cross.

03 February 1917

Have you helped the 'Big Push' that has started by putting all the money you possibly can behind it? If not - Buy War Loan today. The more you lend - the sooner the War will end. C Tennant, Secretary, War Savings Committee, 23, King Street, Wigton.

04 February 1917

The Bishop of Carlisle, in the February issue of the 'Nineteenth Century' joins his voice to the voices of those who express a belief that there is peril in any proposal for peace which comes from the Kaiser. The Bishop recalls the answer of Jehu to Joram 'What hast though to do with peace?' As battle with evil is good, truce with evil is bad; and the Bishop states his reasons for holding that a peace settlement with the Kaiser now would be not only dangerous but wicked.

05 February 1917

Mrs IJ Brough, 15 Warwick Road, Carlisle, today received a telegram from France saying that her husband Lance-Corporal IJ Brough, had died in the First Canadian Hospital, Etaples, yesterday, from severe wounds received last October on the Somme Front.

06 February 1917

Mr Justice Low had before him in the Divorce Court the undefended petition of Mr George Nichol, York Street, Penrith, for a dissolution of his marriage with his wife Mrs Alice Maud Nichol.  Petitioner said he was a fitter at Jarrow-on-Tyne. He married his wife on 1st January 1906 at the Wesleyan Chapel, Penrith, and they had one child. They lived at York Street until 29th October 1914, when petitioner enlisted, and went to India in a Territorial regiment. He returned in May 1916, and received certain information about his wife. She admitted she'd had an illegitimate child, and said that the father was Robert Collett, a member of the Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry, who was billeted in the house. His wife asked him to forgive her, but he refused. His Lordship granted a degree nisi and gave petitioner the custody of his child.

07 February 1917

Attempted Submarine Blockade. Owing to the German Submarine menace Scandinavian shipping is suspended, and several of our shipments are held up. Foreseeing transport difficulties, however, we have already laid in heavier stocks than usual, and still have excellent Krafts and other Wrappings at lowest market prices. If you require paper do not delay in purchasing lest stocks be exhausted. Send for Samples to James Beaty and Sons, Licensed Paper Importers, Carlisle.

08 February 1917

By a vote of 107 to 8 the parishioners of Windermere, at a vestry meeting, having accepted and approved the offer of Sir W Forwood  to provide a chapel as an extension of the existing church, to the memory of the local men fallen in the war. Only two objections were hinted at. One was exclamatory! 'Better give the money to the poor!' which was too graceless and impertinent to need refutation. The other was the expression of a fear that the proposed addition to the old church might not accord with the architectural features of the building. This fear was laid aside when it was explained that the plans would be scrutinised by the architects Messrs Paley and Austin before they can receive the sanction of the Consistory Court.

09 February 1917

Our Ladies Budget in today's Carlisle Journal commented  '…it does not follow that any woman in war-time is justified in buying very expensive garments of any kind. Thousands of patriotic women are protesting, as I do, against extravagance in dress; yet Fashion and her votaries go on unheeding.'

10 February 1917

Corporal Harold Hyde, of Milnthorope, has demonstrated what a soldier on active service thinks of the war loan. He has fought for his country and won distinction for his conduct in the field. He has lately been home on leave, and was just about to start from Milnthorpe for the front again when a few friends and neighbours presented him with a sum of money as a substantial form of congratulation. The gallant corporal at once handed the gift to his mother, 'to put into the war loan;' and he went away probably the happier for being able to render his country pecuniary as well as military service.

11 February 1917

CARK. Killed in action.n BAYLIFF, Sapper R, Royal Engineers, was killed on February 11th. Previous to enlistment he was employed by JW Braithwaite of Grange in whose service he had been since leaving school. He was 31 and leaves a wife and two young children. In a letter to his wife his officer says: 'Your husband was working just behind the line after a successful attack, when he was hit by a German machine-gun bullet and killed instantly. He was buried on Monday, February 12th, and a cross was placed on his grave by his comrades. He was one of my best sappers, and a good soldier, and we all feel his loss'. [Westmorland Gazette 24.02.1917]

12 February 1917

Pte John Robson 17415 Border Regiment, has been MISSING since November 18th. If this should meet the eye of any of his Comrades who can GIVE any INFORMATION regarding him, please communicate with THOMAS ROBSON, 241 Ayton Street, Byker, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Northumberland.

13 February 1917

ELLIOTT - In loving memory of our dear son Private John Elliott, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, who died of wounds in Mesopotamia on 13th February ,1917. 'Gone but not forgotten'. 'Ever remembered by his father, mother, brothers, and sisters, also brother-in-law, sister-in-law, and grandmother.' [Barrow News 16.02.1918].

14 February 1917

The Rev W Humphreys and Family desire to express their sincere thanks  for the great sympathy shown to them at the loss of their dear son, of whom they were so proud [Lieut. Arthur Idwal Humphreys, Royal Naval Division,  was killed in action on 5th February. He was the second son of Rev Humphreys, head master of Nelson School, Wigton].

15 February 1917

Have you sent your Soldier his BODY SHIELD yet? Don't hesitate, it might be too late. Write or call at ANDERSON'S, 121 Stricklangate, Kendal.

16 February 1917

The Lancashire County Tribunal for North Lonsdale sat at Ulverston today; Mr PJ Hibbert presiding for the first time. Mr FW Poole represented a Grange antique dealer (40). The Grange tribunal refused exemption, but the man lost his wife on Boxing Day, and he had been left with nine children, the eldest 15 and the youngest 9 weeks old. Alderman Taylor said the local tribunal did not consider the antique business was of national importance. Mr Evans: Is he not doing work when he is looking after his boys? The Chairman said the man would have to do work of national importance on two days a week, which confirmed the local tribunal's decision. Mr Poole asked if the appeal would be allowed to the Central Tribunal. The Chairman; On a question of law? Mr Poole: Yes, he has nine children.

17 February 1917

BIRKETTS', The London Draper, Kendal. NOTICE. Having joined HM forces I have decided to leave the business in charge of my Wife, trusting you will give her the support you have favoured me with in the past. Thanking you in anticipation, Respectfully Yours, Wm. C Birkett.

18 February 1917

Englethwaite Auxiliary Military Hospital. There is nothing much to report during this last week. No patients have been admitted and none have been discharged. The usual outings have taken place, and Mr Dias kindly lent his car today to tale patients to church service in Carlisle.

19 February 1917

Today the Penrith bench had before them a whole family named Richardson - father, three sons, a grandson and son-in-law - hawkers living at Brampton near Appleby, on charges of deserting from the Army, and of concealing or assisting to conceal the deserters. On Monday afternoon Chief Superintendent Barron, finding the family were in three camps at Hesket, organised a 'round up', in which a large police force was employed. One of the men wanted was found concealed under a bed in a living van, and another, whose ASC uniform, was produced in a rotting state, was caught not far away. When the men were all captured, the police were attached by the women-folk with stones and sods. The father was fined £ 15 and costs and the others were ordered to be handed over to the military. The Bench made an order for special rewards to the police.

20 February 1917

This week two postcards were received by Mr M Sagar, Winton, Kirkby Stephen from his son Private William Sagar, Borders, saying that he is a prisoner of war at Gafangenenlager. The postcards were dated November 29th and January 5th; the former written four days after he fell into the hands of the Germans. Private Sagar wrote 'We made an advance about a fortnight ago, and a good many of us were taken prisoner. We stayed in a dug-out for over a week, with hardly anything to eat, and we had to give in on November 25th.  I was lucky to be captured as many were killed'.  The second card from Gafangenenlager contains a request for food parcels to be sent to him. He was a grocer's assistant in Kirkby Stephen before enlisting.

21 February 1917

Thursby Parish magazine commented; There will be no special preachers at our Friday week night services during this coming season of Lent, which we enter upon at the end of the month, on Ash Wednesday, February 21st. The war has reduced the number of the clergy in the towns, and in several ways made it difficult to obtain outside help. In the circumstances of these days, therefore, it seems better this year to hold our services quietly ourselves. They will largely take the form of an intercession service for our country and our men and at these services the Vicar will give a series of addresses upon the Gospel for each week.  We hope that those who have friends and relatives with either fighting or away will avail themselves of this opportunity to lay their prayers before God for their own and for their country's needs.

22 February 1917

Messrs Carr, White, and Co Ltd, Wigton, are at present experiencing an exceptionally busy period. They are engaged in supplying War Office contracts for upwards of one thousand tons of marmalade, jams and bottled fruits for troops both at home and with the Expeditionary Forces abroad. As it is improbable that Wigton can supply all the labour needed, it is the firm's intention to run a  motor service daily to Mealsgate and Ireby districts with a view to securing a supply of the very good 'material' which is to be found in that district. It is understood that very attractive wages are being paid.

23 February 1917

It was reported this week that Mrs Peart Robinson, Dallam Tower, honorary secretary of the Milnthorpe War Working Parties, had forwarded the following articles to the Red Cross Society, for the wounded in France;- 50 cushions, 24 shirts, 15 mufflers, 60 pair stockings, 2 flannel vests, 2 cardigan jackets, 2 ties, 127 comfort bags, 38 caps, 19 pairs mittens, 72 pairs socks and 1 pair cuffs.

24 February 1917

A Windermere girl of eighteen was before the Leeds magistrates this week on a charge of looting jewellery and money in a house at which she lodged. Her business in Leeds was supposed to be that of 'doing her bit' as a worker, during the war. She got into company with another girl, keener, more sophisticated, and with her own ideas as to what constitutes a 'spree'. The two went off to London with the loot, and when that was exhausted the Windermere maiden was left in the lurch. Fortunately the magistrates had compassion upon her; her father had faith in the efficiency of the lesson she had learnt and promised to indemnify the person whose property had been stolen; and the erring girl was set at liberty. War work for country lasses is a capital idea from a national point of view; but the risk it involves to their character is quite as real as the risk to their health, unless they are kept straight by instinct, experience or wise shepherding.

25 February 1917

After some months interval Thursby Church bells sounded once more for Evensong today. One of the memories of the Great War, which will remain long after peace has come, will be the precautions that we have had to take to guard our churches from destruction by German raiders.

26 February 1917

At Barrow, today, John Simpson, farmer, of Ormsgill, Barrow, was fined £ 10 for giving false information on the agricultural census as to cattle, and also the age of one of his sons. The police evidence was that Simpson had overstated the number of cattle, and that his son was 21 years of age and not 17, as on the census. He had produced to the police a birth certificate on which it was found the name had been altered, the certificate having reference to another son who had died.

27 February 1917

BARROW - There is a brisk all-round demand for iron, and makers are not able to fulfil all requirements with the existing rate of output. Local consumption alone takes up big proportions of the make. Prices steady at maximum rates, with mixed numbers of Bessemer iron 127s 6d, and special brands 140s; warrants, 115s per ton net cash. Steel makers very busy on steel for munitions.

28 February 1917

Her Majesty's Theatre, Carlisle. All this week Carlton Wallace, Evelyn Carlton and Company in THE ENEMY IN OUR MIDST; the story of the Great Zeppelin Raids. Thrilling incidents, showing how Alien Enemies work in Britain. The 'Naturalised' Englishman and German 'Kultur'. The Plot to Torpedo the Transport. The Telegram, 'Killed in Action'. The Wife's Prayer Answered'.

01 March 1917

The Bishop of Barrow paid a special visit to Penrith this afternoon for the purpose of holding a confirmation service, at which the candidates were three wounded soldiers, and two local ladies.  One soldier had lost his leg and was unable to leave his bed, another had had his leg amputated but was able to move on crutches, and the third is injured in the arm. The service, attended by the inmates, was held in the main ward of St Andrew's Hospital.

02 March 1917

LET US HELP YOU WITH YOUR SPRING CLEANING. With the ever-increasing demand for more Women in Munition Factories, and on the Land, many and many a well-ordered Household is servantless to-day. And Spring cleaning - not so thorough as usual, perhaps, but still Spring cleaning in some degree or other - is now waiting to be done. The Lady of the House will find our services more valuable than ever under existing conditions. Curtains, Carperts, Cretonnes, Loose-Covers, W.Wright and Son, Highmore House, Carlisle.

03 March 1917

A letter was recently received by Mr Charles Hawkins, the Hydro, Silloth, from his son, Charles, of the Motor Transport in German East Africa. He wrote "It is very hot here, but not yet so hot as I expected; even now it is 120 deg  F., and I can stand it alright, but our pace when walking is about two miles per hour, and our actions are likewise. We feel very lazy, and the perspiration streams off us. The mosquitoes bother us terribly. We sleep in tents and the ground is covered with ants, fleas, spiders, lizards and all sorts and sizes of creeping, crawling things, which make it very uncomfortable, especially at night.  There is nothing much is Dar-i-Salaam it is mostly occupied by British soldiers. Before the Germans evacuated the town they blew up all the landing stages and poisoned the water; we have to boil it before it is fit to drink. At mid-day the sun is directly over our heads, and our shadows are about the size of a petrol tin".

04 March 1917

Carlisle Citizens' League. At the weekly meeting of the League it was recalled that the League forwarded a consignment of Christmas puddings to the Border Battalions in India and Burmah. An intimation has now been received from Peshawar that the puddings had been received by the men there in good condition, and much appreciated.

05 March 1917

It was announced this week that the French Government had conferred the Croix de Guerre upon Mr JV Phelps, of Lazonby Hall, in recognition of his hard and meritorious work in the Ambulance Division during the fighting at Verdun last year.

06 March 1917

Definite news of the death of Private John Holmes, Border Regiment, has been received by his widow at Northside, Workington. A lady living in Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, has forwarded his diary and testament, given to her by a friend over from France, who was near him when he was shot through the heart. Deceased worked at Clifton Colliery, and was in the Salvation Army. He leaves two children. His younger child was born the day before his mother received word that he was missing.

07 March 1917

Mr John Robinson Gunson of Ghyll Bank, Whitehaven, draper, applied for authority to place on the south wall of the nave of St James Parish Church, Whitehaven a brass bearing the inscription ' In loving memory of Leslie Robert Schrader Gunson, Lieutenant RGA, - Heavy Battery, aetat xxi, killed on the Somme, July 18th 1916, while searching for his missing men, and interred at the Quarry Cemetery, Montauban. 'Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends'. - The faculty was ordered to issue.

08 March 1917

This week Captain and Brevet-Major Hamlet Lewthwaite Riley, DSO, Rifle Brigade, only son of Mr Hamlet Riley, Ennim, Great Blencow, was gazetted as having been awarded the Order of Danilo, fourth class, by the King of Montenegro, for distinguished services during the campaign.

09 March 1917

This evening a dance was organised by the Canadian soldier lumber-men, who have recently been engaged in cutting down trees on the Netherby Estate near Riddings. The dance, in the Canonbie Public Hall, passed off very well. Sixty couples were present and Mr Thornton's  orchestra provided the music. A surplus of £ 3.7s was handed over to the Local Soldiers Comforts Fund.

10 March 1917

The Reverend WB Graham, Vicar of Askham, has offered his services to his farming parishioners, and is now actively engaged on the land six days a week, Mr Graham is following the threshing  machines around the various farms, and is doing his day's work on the thresher with other labourers.

11 March 1917

Seriously wounded  this day at Ancre, France,  Lance Corporal Shaw, grandson of Mr and Mrs Robert Woof, Leasgill, Milnthorpe. Admitted to hospital, where it was found necessary to amputate his right leg, he died on March 14th. Lance Corporal Shaw had emigrated to Australia in 1910. His death was reported in the Westmorland Gazette on March 24th.

12 March 1917

SUBSTITUTION SCHEME AT BARROW. A substitution scheme is about to come into operation at Barrow. The men to be taken from the works are those in semi-skilled type who have been classified  either A or B (i) and a considerable number will be released for the Army. Women workers are to be employed at Barrow Steelworks.

13 March 1917

Today the annual meeting of the Wigton Agricultural Society was held with Mr T Richardson of The Wreay in the chair. Mr Waugh, secretary, reported a profit of £ 4.0s 5d on the year. His report stated that for the third year no show was held on account of the war.

14 March 1917

Mrs Rhoda Bell, daughter of Mr James Bonson, Kirkby Stephen, has had the honour of being received by the King at Buckingham Palace, and of receiving the Victoria Cross won by her husband, Lieut  Donald S Bell, Yorkshire Regiment.

15 March 1917

At St John's Room, Windermere this week, Mr D Thomas Curtin lectured on his experiences and observations during three hundred days spent in Germany. His narration gripped the attention of his audience from start to finish, although he was on his feet, without interval, for nearly two hours. Mr Curtin passed to and fro in Germany, adroit yet persistent, closely observing all that was going forward. He told of the perils and difficulties which are besetting Germany; of her iron methods, her desperate energy, and her still powerful resources, and enabled his hearers to take adequate measure of the gigantic task to which the Allies have put their hands, and in which he believes they will prove victorious. His American accent made his words a little difficult to catch at times, especially towards the end of a sentence, and in addition he apologised for a cold.

16 March 1917

Englishwoman with excellent knowledge of Continental languages, seeks post where such could be utilised, either in school, hotel or as Interpreter on agricultural estate where prisoners of war are employed. Write SR, Gazette Office, Kendal.

17 March 1917

Advert from today's Westmorland Gazette THE WAR. THE WAR. E and C DAWSON. Owing to their manager, Mr A Beadle, being called up, leaving them without any male assistant, beg to state they purpose offering their entire Stock during March at such reductions in price as to effect a clearance, after which the balance of Stock will be sold in one lot to the trade and the Premises closed during the War. The Clearance includes all New Goods arriving daily, which they cannot cancel. Waterloo House, Kendal.

18 March 1917

This week it was reported that The Military Medal had been awarded to Private John Brown, aged 22, Border Regiment, a Workington man, nephew of  Mrs Robinson, Findlay Place. He formerly worked at Lowca and is now in hospital with a wounded thigh. Whilst fulfilling his duties in the trenches a live bomb from the enemy dropped in front of him and amongst his comrades. He instantly picked it up and threw it outside the trench, with the result that it exploded in the air. By this action he saved the lives of four of his comrades. It was some months later, on January 27th, that he received his present wound.

19 March 1917

The Workington Tribunal was held this week in the Council Chamber, Carnegie Hall, Finkle Street, Workington; the Mayor, Mr Fred Hall, presiding, to review 74 cases of men under 31 years of age holding certificates of exemption. With regard to a permanent way man on the Cleator and Workington Junction Railway, the Military Representative said the Tribunal could not touch the man. He was very valuable in keeping the line in order.

20 March 1917

The following appeal appeared in this week's Carlisle Journal :
Sir-Will you allow me to make an appeal, through your valuable paper, to Jerseymen who may be residing in Carlisle or neighbourhood, to communicate with me, as we have Jersey wounded soldiers in hospital in Carlisle who would be glad of visits by some of their compatriots. DJ Hamon

21 March 1917

The monthly meeting of the Carlisle Advisory  Committee of the Central Control Board took place today. Mr EC Sanders, General Manager of the Carlisle scheme, reported that, subject to formal contract, it had been agreed to purchase the whole undertaking of the Maryport Brewery with all its licensed premises, numbering 123.

22 March 1917

Cumberland Lassie At The Plough was the caption over a photograph in this week's Carlisle Journal. The photo showed Miss Mary Teasdale, aged 13, ploughing on her father's farm at High Side, Embleton.

23 March 1917

The East Westmorland Tribunal was held at Kirkby Stephen this week. Thomas Loveday, Kirkby Stephen, produced a copy of his birth certificate, which showed he was 42 years of age last January, and therefore exempt from military service.

24 March 1917

Cockermouth Castle Auxiliary Hospital (20 beds) and Bankfield Auxiliary Hospital, Workington (50 beds) open.

25 March 1917

Christened this day at Saint Mary's Church, Carlisle, Jane Somme Graves, daughter to Miss Graves, unmarried munitions worker of 2 Scotch Street, Carlisle.

26 March 1917

A Kendal greengrocer, Thomas Rigg, of Kirkland has been fined by the magistrates for charging more than the fixed minimum as the price of potatoes sold to his customers. The maximum is one and a half pence per pound or ten and a half pence per half stone. Rigg, under the pretence that he was selling seed potatoes, charged eleven and a half pence. It was a mean evasion, both in the motive and the resultant advantage to himself.

27 March 1917

This afternoon the annual meeting of the Penrith Agricultural Show was held at the George Hotel, Penrith, Mr EO Bolton, Leeming presided. Mr T Heskett said that this was no time for shows, and in his opinion they would be doing wrong even to think of it. Mr Toppin said it was absolutely unthinkable to discuss such an idea as that of holding a show under the circumstances, and every member of the committee was of the same opinion.

28 March 1917

Today Mr and Mrs Wilson Lamb, Biskey Howe Gardens, Windermere,  received news that Private Herbert Lamb, their youngest son, is missing in France. The Lieutenant in a letter states that that Private Lamb, along with some others, went on a patrol on the night of March 13th  and that it was feared that in the darkness they walked into the enemy's lines and were captured.

29 March 1917

Burgh-by-Sands Parish Council agreed that the state of the road at Thurstonfield would be referred for consideration to the Rural District Council at the termination of the war.

30 March 1917

The Carlisle Journal carried the following appeal Will Second Lieutenant G. Calvert, Machine Gun Corps, whose letter appealing for comforts for his Company was published in this column a few weeks ago, send his address, as a parcel sent to him has been returned as insufficiently addressed?

31 March 1917

The following telegram has been sent to the Admiralty representative at Barrow for publication in the district ;- 'The strike at Barrow is having a serious effect upon the output  of shells for the Navy. The Government have promised the men arbitration and a decision within a week if they return to work at once. The men of the Fleet rely upon their comrades in the workshops to stand by them against the common enemy'. Edward Carson, First Lord of the Admiralty. The cause of the trouble is the alleged cutting of time allowances for work done under the premium bonus system.

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