Some families may want to talk with their child about their literacy difficulties/dyslexia. If you do decide to talk with your child the following might be helpful:

Children learn to read and write at different speeds: some children need more time and more help than others to learn these skills.  Dyslexia is a word that some people use to explain why children and adults find it harder than other people to learn to read, write and spell. 

Lots of people find reading and writing tricky.  There may be others in your child's school, class or family who have similar needs.  Everyone has things that they are good at and things that they find hard.  Everyone is different.  Try to remind your child about the things they do well for example sport, music or art, or your child might be generous, sociable, funny, loving or helpful.  Explain that they do not find reading and writing as easy as these other things, but that everyone is different.

Remember that there are many famous and talented people who have dyslexia and who have found reading and writing hard.  A list of famous people with dyslexia can be found here.

There are lots of ways that children can be helped with learning to read and write and lots of people who can help.   Try discussing what sort of help your child gets now and ways in which they think other people at school and at home could help them in the future.

There are also lots of ways in which technology can help for example by reading things to them, or by helping them to write down the things they are thinking.  You can find out about some of these things on the rest of this website.

Many people get frustrated when they're finding something hard.  Keep your child confident and motivated by talking about all the things they've achieved and by setting realistic goals with them about what they want to do next.

Be ready to talk to your child about their needs more than once.  You may find they need particular help and reassurance at times such as a change of class/school or when exams are looming.  If you're worried, talk to their teachers or other professionals: if they know there's a concern they will want to offer support and reassurance.